If you value the information
A project seldom if ever developed for the Internet ... for those who keep asking questions, a website to return to regularly ...
Currently: You can make us even happier than we are by linking this website to your website. Unless you want to link to specific page content in more URL detail,our URL for such purposes is: http://www.merchantnetworks.com.au. -Ed
Currently: The webmaster is now taking steps to reply to a great many e-mailers who have responded to this website by way of contributing extra information, or asking detailed questions. The Merchant Networks Project remains very grateful to them and after extra research is now in a position to exchange extra points of view. If you have emailed this website, you may well be on the list for a fresh conversation. -Ed
26 November 2012: Follows a somewhat random sample of the kinds of queries which land netsurfers on pages of this website on any particular day: Re Fuller, Barron and Co. bankers of London. Examples of scrimshaw art. Re Captain Edward Manning of convict transport Pitt. Genealogies of Colonial American families (before 1775-1783). Ship Rapid Capt. Dorr (1811, an American ship which sank off n/w Western Australia). Question about Hemp. Rival merchant networks in the 1600s. Planter names various on Caribbean sugar islands. On NSW Reformer Caroline Chisholm. Names of East India Company personnel in India. Bibliography items on maritime history and/or slavery. Names of individual convict transports. Ships owned by Duncan Dunbar II.
Most recent updates on this website
May 2013: Publication of new research - see Gary L. Sturgess and Ken Cozens, 'Managing a Global Enterprise in the Eighteenth Century: Anthony Calvert of The Crescent, London, 1777-1808', The Mariner's Mirror, 99:2, May 2013., pp. 171-195.
29 January 2013: Sydney historian Gary Sturgess laments the fact that the spot on Sydney Harbour where Gov. Phillip landed in January 1788 is now marked with, of all things, a portaloo. How to honour the spot more appropriately? is his question. See: Sturgess here.
24 January 2013: A new page from contributor Elizabeth Larking (Aust), Considerations for Australia Day 2013. A polemic on ways Australians have viewed their national day of celebration, 26th January, Australia Day. Plus some newly-arising information drawn from official contemporary documents. Go to Australia Day 2013
28-9-2012: A review by Dan Byrnes of Dr John Jiggens, Sir Joseph Banks and the Question of Hemp: Hemp, Sea-Power and Empire, 1777-1815. Australia, Jay Jay Publishing, 2012. Paperback, 285pp. ISBN: 978-0-9578684-3-4. At HEMP, Critical, not a complimentary review.
Something different: A glance at ancient (Late Bronze Age, Mediterranean) maritime history prompted by US author Larry West. By 18-9-2012.
On 13-9-2012: For the use of anyone interested: Upload of Ken Cozens´ 2005 MA thesis as a PDF file, which is illuminating on the London slaving firm, Camden, Calvert and King, the firm responsible for the high death rates of the second wing of the Second Fleet of convict transportations to Australia. You can find a download of Ken Cozens´ thesis here.
Updated on 12-10-2012: Upload of something unexpected for this website, for the use of anyone interested: By way of a few remarks on ancient maritime history (Ancient Egypt) from a contributor in Texas, USA, Larry West, author of Our Common African Genesis. West here with a 20-page PDF file makes his third major attempt to explain his views on the African genesis of humanity´s fondness for Civilization, and has some views on the ancient Egyptian use of shipping and trade as part of his new-wave argument. You can download his PDF file from a link here.
On 5-8-2012. New file providing an overview of ideas we have considered for work on Merchant Networks in economic history.
By 8-11-2012, many updates for genealogy files with addition of some new sets of files. Go to Genealogy and Contents
By 18-6-2012, a new page added on convict ship Captain Michael Hogan of Marquis Cornwallis. Incidentally, this file uses a new set of code we have developed for the automatic self-renumbering of footnotes as they are placed as the file is added-to. This entails use of HTML4-5 and a suitably adapted cascading style sheet (CSS/CSS3). E-mailers from history-type websites are welcome to apply to use this code, provided for free by Merchant Networks Project.
Updated 28 October 2012: Pages devoted to the Convict Contractors chartering their ships to the British Government to transport convicts to Australia. Seldom has such information been presented before, as in a series called Pathways, and the product of many years of research; material as has not been seen before by Australians. We commend it to you - Ed.
Where our netsurfers tend to live. In the past, our hit counter system has told us this website has had hits from: Australia, USA, UK, Canada, Ukraine, Ireland, Austria, Bermuda, Dominica, Switzerland, France. Sometimes, Africa (mostly the north-west coast). Sometimes, parts of India or South-East Asia. Sometimes, from Spain or Italy, Germany, Scandinavia. Much less so from Middle Eastern countries. Such a range of hits is fairly typical for almost any day, mostly from the English-speaking world. -Ed
In February 2012, sitefinder.com.au says this website is the 31,350th most popular website in (or from?) Australia. We do not quite know what to think about this, but thought we might tell you anyway - Ed.
This website is lately beginning to present material from the on-going book project which motivates it. You can find a Preamble file on this at Preamble. Hyperlinks to the book section of the Merchants Networks Project will only be given on this page and from pages hyperlinked to it, nowhere else on the website. The latest update is on Chapter 26, on Caroline Chisholm in Australia - Ed
Files on genealogy are being continually updated/improved. For a list of lineages we've inspected go to Genealogy and Contents
A work-a-day file to this website is on problem names and problem people, merchant names proving frustrating, on which we find that insufficient information is available for our purposes. See also a second file on problem people at the file: Problem names - Ed
Timeline/Chronology files now appearing on this website in series 0-21 from the first file available - Timelines0- Click here
Apologies to netsurfers: Temporarily ... This website is slowly having its navigation system redesigned. For 2010, go first to the sitemap. The sitemap presents a complete and hyperlinked list of files comprising the website in strictly alphabetical order - Editor
THIS WEBSITE is a major excursion beginning with examinations of Merchant Networks in the general context of The British Empire during its first and second foundings. The outlook is international, though not exactly global.
Or, more generally, merchants operating in the English-speaking world ... from the 1680s to about 1900 ... All to be seen in a more detailed way than attempted before on the Internet ...
Note 1: Of 21 March 2010: Announcing an update to the first upload of a new set of files for this website, a concerted attack on the ways in which US "paranoid conspiracy theorists" active on the Internet since 1997 or so, have been dabbling with economic history in order to confuse the more ignorant members of the US electorate. Chief of the "theorists" to be countered is Lyndon LaRouche, one of the most virulent of such US commentators. For this series, the directory and filenames concerned are gathered under the umbrella-heading of "gaps" in history. Go now to the first file: gaps.htm where files follow in numeric series.
Note 2: From February 2010, the The Merchant Networks Project will be unveiling a new website feature which has been long in planning ... a new set of Timeline files on shipping movements during major periods of European activity. The series of seven files so far begins about 1600 and will proceed to near 1900. That is, it will finally treat aspects of the transitions from the use of sailing ships to the use of steam-powered ships. These files are simple HTML webpages and will be searchable only via alpha-numeric queries in your searcher/word finder in your browser. The files will list ship voyages by date, with entries often being findable by shipowner, captain name, ship name. (The original listings were begun by being built around normally-available data on convict ships sailing to Australia 1788++) Listings on eg, trans-Atlantic shipping in different timeframes, or European shipping to China will be added in due course.
Once this new feature of the website is in operation, navigation of the site will be rejigged and improved - Editor
These files begin at the following URL: Shipping Timelines
Click here to read a new promotional page for this website translated into Chinese
The two writers/researchers behind the Merchant Networks Project are Ken Cozens (in London) and Dan Byrnes (Australia).
The Cozens/Byrnes team formed in late 2005 after prolonged e-mail discussions to pursue the idea of historians working on Merchant Networks. Not work on merchants as individuals, more on the networks they are part of ...
For more on the details of this approach, see The About Us Page
[And, yes, this project could also become something like a surfable book, or a website book ... an idea we first met in the late 1990s, and an idea we feel is well worth pursuing on the Internet in a variety of formats!]
Note: Material presented on this website is researched, compiled/recompiled and written by Ken Cozens and Dan Byrnes, unless otherwise indicated. Formatting and style of information delivery is © Kenneth J. Cozens (London) and Dan Byrnes (Australia) 2006=2008.
(Where " -Ed" is referred to in text in various files, it mostly refers to Dan Byrnes as the webmaster for this project)
This website was relaunched on the Net on 4 July 2006 at:
E-mail the Webmaster: Dan Byrnes
About the authors:
Pictures: Kenneth J. Cozens and Dan Byrnes (with camera).
Ken Cozens (at right) has had a long interest in Thames-side history and British maritime history. He gained his Masters degree in History at Greenwich University in 2005 (at Greenwich Maritime Institute), He has lately become more interested in using a variety of website technology to promote his interests in history.
Dan Byrnes has a deep interest in the history of convict transportation from England/Britain to both North America and Australia. He gained an Honours degree in History from University of New England (Australia) in 1996.
And so ... this website is a contemporary Anglo-Australian production ...
Webmaster of the Merchant Networks Project, Dan Byrnes, is the author behind The Blackheath Connection, a major work on the history of the transportation of convicts from England to North America and then Australia, 1717-1810.
If you enjoy controversy? See what Enderby whaling controversialist, Australian Keith Dawson, has dredged up about whaling issues and the early British convict colony at Sydney. Click here for what could become an entertaining controversy at top of the page.
Website history: Please note: This website was first launched on the Net by 20 May 2006 as a subset of a personal website from Australia. It was re-launched as a website on its own domain at its present URL on 4 July 2006. - Ed
Tech update: 12 September 2010: This website is lately made with open source web editor kit Bluefish and produced with a Linux system running Ubuntu V12.04 ...
This free script provided by
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