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This file is devoted to presenting basic Shipping Timeline information in a global perspective for website readers. The items are often sketchy, and some have been extracted from other websites managed by Dan Byrnes. Where possible, ships will have their date-of-departure noted as the compilers believe that a ship's departure date gives some indications of the business plan of the owners, whatever the outcome of the voyage. These Timelines will be added-to intermittently, as new data and new e-mail arrives. Book titles will be entered according to the timeframes they treat. -Ed
This is file Shipping Timeline1 - To go to the next file in this Merchant Networks series of files, Ship Timeline 2
1562: The island of Timor. Portuguese Dominicans of the Malacca Mission (who might have been both monks and soldiers), receive instructions from their superiors to establish a foothold on the islands of Flores, Solor and Timor to Christianize local natives. Timor later became an ecclesiastical dependency of Flores, which in turn was dependent on the vicariate of Sao Domingos (de Gusmao) of Malacca (Item from Philippe Godard and Tugdual de Kerros, 1772: The French Annexation of New Holland. The Tale of Louis De Saint Alouarn. (Translated by Odette Margot, Myra Stanbury and Sue Baxter.) Perth, Museum of Western Australia, 2008., p. 163.
1605: Discovery of island of Barbados in Caribbean, uninhabited, except perhaps visited occasionally by Caribs. Probably by Sir John Leigh on ship Olive, returning from Guinea. Leigh then sailed for St Christopher's where 33 English settlers had already arrived. Barbados was then ignored till Dutch ships on a secret expedition arrived, avoiding Spaniards. Dutch news on Barbados came from Zealand to the attention of Sir William Courteen, an Anglo-Dutch merchant in London. Courteen ssent two ships to Barbados; one being John and William. So Jamestown Barbados was settled. Commander-in-chief was William Deane.
1606: Duyfken. Dutch VOC (East India Company). Captain Willem Jansz. Exploration. Dutch East India Co. Jansz of Janszoon. First authenticated sighting by a European of any Australian coastline.
1606: San Pedrico, Les Tres Reyes. Spain. Captain Luis Vaez de Torres. Exploration about Australia, Spanish government.
1616: Eendracht. Dutch VOC. Captain Dirck Hartog. 1616, West Australian coast. Exploration.
1617: England takes first possession of the area of Carolina North America by way of naming Lords Proprietors.
1618: Zeewolf VOC Haevick Claeszoon, Exploration about Australia.
1618: To the end of 1618, a small fleet of three Dutch ships leave Texel under command of Frederik de Houtman on the Dordrecht. The fleet was broken up by bad weather before it met Cape of Good Hope, but the Dordrecht and Amsterdam made their way to touch New Holland at latitude 32 degrees 30 seconds south, a zone never before reached. They also saw Rottnest Island, which had been discovered earlier by Dutchman Willem de Vlamingh. (Marsupials there had been mistaken as large rats, hence the name, "Rats Nest".) (Item from Philippe Godard and Tugdual de Kerros, 1772: The French Annexation of New Holland. The Tale of Louis De Saint Alouarn. (Translated by Odette Margot, Myra Stanbury and Sue Baxter.) Perth, Museum of Western Australia, 2008., p. 119.
1619: Mauritius Dutch VOC. Captain Lenaert Jacobszoon. Exploration about Australia. (Len Zell in his second eco-tourism book gives the year 1618.)
1619: Amsterdam. Dutch VOC. Capt Frederick de Houtmann. Exploration
1622: Wapen van Hoorn. Dutch VOC. Captain not listed. Exploration.
1622: Leeuwin. Dutch VOC. Capt not listed. Exploration
1622: Dordrecht. Dutch VOC. Capt Frederick de Houtmann. Exploration.
1622: Tryall. Owner, English EICo probably. Capt John Brooke. Shipwreck, West Australian coast.
1623: Leiden. Dutch VOC. Capt Klaas Hermanszoon. Exploration about Australia, or accident?
1623: Pera. Dutch VOC. Capt. Jan Carstensz. Exploration. (Or, Carstenszoon.)
1623: Arnhem. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan Carstensz. Exploration. From a list of unknown origin.
1623: Arnhem (2). Dutch VOC. Capt. Willem van Coolsteerdt. 1622?-1623. Exploration. (Or, Willem van Colster.)
1624: Tortelduyff. Dutch VOC. Captain Unknown. Exploration
1626: Leiden (2). Dutch VOC. Capt Daniel Janssen Cock. Exploration about Australia.
1627: Texel. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan Coen. Exploration.
1627: Wapen van Hoorn (2). Dutch VOC. Capt David Pieterszoon de Vries. Exploration. With supercargo J. van Roosenbergh.
1627: Gulden Zeepard. Dutch VOC. Captain Pieter Nuyts. Exploration. Nuyts with Francois Thijssen. Or, ship name Gulden Zeepaert.
1627: Galias. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan Coen. Exploration. Galias with Utrecht and Texel all on same trip under Jan Coen.
1627: Utrecht. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan Coen. Exploration.
1628: Vianen. Dutch VOC. Capt Gerrit Frederickson De Witt. Exploration
1629: Batavia Dutch VOC. Capt Francois Pelsaert. Shipwreck (infamous). Pelsaert with Adriaen Jacobszoon.
1635: Amsterdam (of 1635). Dutch VOC. Capt Wijbrandt Geleynnszoon De Jongh. Exploration, Australia.
1636: Klein Amsterdam. Dutch VOC. Capt Pieter Pieterszoon. Exploration. Commander of expedition (the second boat with Kein Amsterdam was Wessel, was Gerrit Thomas Pool killed in New Guinea, so Pieterszoon took command.
1636: Banda. Dutch VOC. Capt Antonie Caen. Exploration
1630s: The Yeamans Story continued: See http://rodneybroome.com/yeamans/y1699.htm says Three members of the Yeamans family sailed to Barbados in the 1630s and bought land for, at the time, tobacco. Robert Y (became shipowner), John and Thomas Y, both Robert and John married in Bristol, though in 1637 various Dutch came to Barbados and tried sugar, especially Peter Blower/Brewer, and later slaves were bought from Dutch ships. The Yeamans got into sugar on Barbados.
Sir Abraham Dawes, English Customs farmer, death about 1640, wife unknown, found noted in Brenner. Father of Sir Thomas Dawes whose wife is known. (A name difficult to research)
1641: The island of Timor and nearby. A tear or so prior, Lisbon has ordered Portuguese about Flores and Timor (Dominicans of the Malacca Mission who might have been both monks and soldiers), to establish a fortress on Island of Solor. The sovereign of Makassar, capital of the Celebes, Tolo, organizes a fleet to attack the Portuguese establishment of Timor and carries off many locals as slaves. The Portuguese Viceroy of the Indies soon ordered Brother Antonio de Sao Jacinto to build a fort on West Timor, at the palce they called Cupao, which the French called Coupang (Now Kupang of EWest Timor), a part of Indonesia. This displeased the Dutch, who also had some power in the region. The Portuguese of West Timor were harrassed so much they retreated to Dili in the middle of Timor's north coast. (Item from Philippe Godard and Tugdual de Kerros, 1772: The French Annexation of New Holland. The Tale of Louis De Saint Alouarn. (Translated by Odette Margot, Myra Stanbury and Sue Baxter.) Perth, Museum of Western Australia, 2008., p. 163.
1642: Heemskerck. Dutch VOC. Capt Abel Janszoon Tasman. Exploration of Tasmania and New Zealand, with second ship, Zeehaen. On 13 September 1642, Tasman saw the northern tip of the North Island, then went down the east coast, passing through the present Cook's Strait and into what he called Murderer's Bay since natives killed four of his men there and prevented him from landing.
1643: Bristol, England. In a story well worth a few scenes in a movie not yet made ... Alderman Robert Yeamans, lately Sheriff of Bristol, is executed (hanged outside his own house) for plotting to try to deliver Bristol from control of the Cromwellians, back to the Royalist cause. We would not normally mention this in a shipping timelines file, except for Robert's brother John, who became the first to institutionalize the use of chattel slavery on the North American continent, having first been a slave user on Barbados. Barbados had first been settled by Englishmen in fix year ... Barbados (166 sq miles, 430sq/km)
1644: Limmen. Dutch VOC. Capt Abel Janszoon Tasman. Exploration. With two other ships, Zeemeeuw and Bracq. Gulf of Carpentaria to North West Cape, Australia.1645: Bristol, England. The Yeamans Story, continued: It seems, though it is not clear, that a variety of Yeamans were yeoman farmers. Some repaired to Bristol, where one John Yeamans (died 1645) became a successful brewer. He was married to Blanche Germain and had up to 13 children, most of whose genealogies are either unavailable or not relevant here. And the yeamans genealogy is still badly-presented in both prionted books and today's websites. Deborah a daughter of John and Blanche married John Woory (Woorey) and had two sons who went to Virginia and whose lives cannot there be traced. A brewer son Joseph remains equivocal. The brewer's two notable sons were Sir Robert (c1617-1643) and Sir John (c1610-1674. Sir Robert Yeamans (c1617-1643) had become a West Indies merchant, a Sheriff of Bristol and a Royalist. We find from data on Robert that dates compute very badly. When Bristol was held by the Cromwellians, Robert is supposed to have fomented a plot to deliver Bristol to Prince Rupert and the Royalist cause. Robert's plot was discovered, and Cromwellians under Nathaniel Fiennes hanged him for it outside his house. However, it seems he was a West Indies merchant in co-operation with his brother John, born about 1610, who went to the West Indides, to Barbados by 1650, became a baronet, and was third governor of Carolina. Yeamans was propelled by a later political upsurge on Barbados (166 sq miles, 430sq/km) to re-settle in Carolina with many other disgruntled Barbadian colonists, and became governor. Reputedly, and presumably using the “Barbados Slave Code”, he introduced slavery to North America from about 1669.
Follows an impression of the Yeamans genealogy - no guarantee it is accurate due to the absurdities with which various webmasters around the world have treated this family history ... -Ed
Descendants of Bristol Brewer Yeamans John
1. Bristol Brewer Yeamans John (d.1645) sp: Germain Blanche
2. Sir Royalist Sheriff of Bristol Yeamans Robert (b.1616;d.1643) sp: (kinswoman) Yeamans Miss
3. Yeamans Anne sp: Quaker of Reading Curtis Thomas
3. Yeamans John
3. Sir Bart Yeamans Robert
2. Yeamans Deborah sp: Woory John
3. Of Virginia, Immigrant Woory Samuel
3. of Isle of Wight Co Va Woory Joseph
2. Brewer Yeamans Joseph (b.1615)
2. Yeamans William
2. Yeamans Margaret (b.1612) sp: Mayor Bristol Cann William (b.1600;d.1657)
3. Sir Bart1 Mayor of Bristol Cann Robert (d.1685) sp: Of Bristol wife1 Hooke Cecily
4. Cann Anne sp: Cromwellian, Sir, economist, Turkey merchant North Dudley (b.1641;d.1691)
5. Baron2 North North Dudley sp: Yale Catherine
6. North Anne sp: Hon Herbert Nicholas (d.1775)
7. wife1 Herbert Barbara (b.1742;d.1785) sp: Earl2 Aldborough Visc2 Aldborough Stratford Edward (b.1740;m.1765;d.1801) 6. North Dudley sp: Lady Herbert Barbara
6. North Roger
6. North Francis
6. North Mary (b.1715;d.1770) sp: Long Charles (b.1705;d.1778)
7. Long Charles (b.1748;d.1812) sp: Long Jane sp: Sir Gunning Robert (d.1682)
4. Sir Bart2 Cann William sp: Cann Deliverance (b.1630;d.1656)
4. Immigrant to America Cann John (b.1643;d.1694) sp: CNotknown Mary
5. Cann John 5. Cann Mary 5. Cann William sp: wife3 Popley Ann
4. Cann Thomas (b.1662)
3. Cann Martha sp: Bristol merchant Lane John
3. Rev Preacher Cann John sp: CNotknown Agnes (d.1657)
4. Cann Deliverance (b.1630;d.1656) sp: Sir Bart1 Mayor of Bristol Cann Robert (d.1685)
5. Immigrant to America Cann John (b.1643;d.1694)
4. Cann Agnes sp: Jones Charles
3. Cann Richard (b.1630) sp: Grove Eleanor
3. Cann James (b.1640), 3. Cann William, 3. Cann Matthew, 3. Cann Margaret, 3. Cann Hester sp: Sir Knt of Bristol Langton Thomas
2. Sir Bart Gov Sth Carolina Yeamans John (b.1610;d.1674) sp: (Widow Berringer) )Foster Margaret
3. Yeamans Willoughby sp: of Parish St James Barbados Gibbes Philip (d.1697)
4. Gibbes John, 4. Gibbes Philip (d.1726) sp: Irish Elizabeth
5. Of Barbados Gibbes Philip (d.1763) sp: Harris Elizabeth
6. Sir Bart Gibbes Philip, 6. Gibbes Mary, 4. Gibbes Yeamans, 4. Gibbes Margaret
3. Yeamans Robert sp: Mellowes Elizabeth
4. Yeamans Robert sp: Trent Sarah
5. Died young Yeamans Robert (b.1730;d.1740) 4. Yeamans John sp: Walker Mary
4. Yeamans Phillip sp: Gibbes Mary
3. Yeamans Margaret (b.1660), 3. Yeamans George, 3. Yeamans Edward, 3. Yeamans Ann, 3. Surveyor-General of Carolina Yeamans John
3. (Son of Sir John Yeamans and wife1 Miss Limp) Sir Yeamans William (b.1643;d.1685) sp: Brown Willoughby, daughter of Sir James Brown
4. Yeamans Frances sp: Hackett Robert
5. Hackett William (b.1663;d.1708)
4. Sir Yeamans John (b.1689;d.1730) sp: Gibbs Margaret
5. Sir Yeamans John (b.1720;d.1780) sp: Scantlebury Anne
6. Rev Sir Yeamans Robert (b.1742;d.1788)
2. Bristol Merchant Quaker Yeamans William II (b.1639;d.1674) sp: Fell Isabel (m.1664)
3. Yeamans Rachel 3. Yeamans William III (b.1669;d.1697)
Ends Yeamans genealogy
There were some Yeamans family connections with early Quakerism in Western England.
1648: Leeuwerick. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan Janszoon Zeeuw. Exploration, West Coast of Australia.
1640s, England, Contractor, naval shipping and in 1680s, similar, Christopher Pett (nd). Also Peter Pett (1610-1672) a Commr Navy. See also shipbuilder Phineas Pett active 1654. Phineas Noah Pett (1570-1647). Later was a naval shipping contractor at Bombay, Warwick Pett (who is hard to trace).
London alderman Edward Backwell (active 1668), loan agent, bullion merchant, ended damaged by Chas II.
Contractor, Royal financier, Lord Mayor London, Robert Ducie (1575-1634).
Contractor finance and loans to Charles II, Sir John Jacob (1597-1666) first Baronet.
Contractor, financial services, bullion merchant, remitting to creditors abroad, alderman Edward Backwell, (1668 active) goldsmith. Ruined in 1672 when Chas II closed the Exchqr.
1650: Barbados: About now, Colonel William Berringer on Barbados begins to build a splendid house (Jacobean mansion) which still stands today, The Abbey, near Bridgetown, Barbados. Benjamin had married Margaret Foster, rather younger than himself, possibly daughter of one Rev. John Foster. In time, Margaret developed affection for Colonel John Yeamans, which led to a duel between Berringer and Yeamans. However the story is confused by different reports. One report (in Campbell's History of Barbados) is that Yeamans poisoned Berringer, or caused him to be poisoned. Or, that Yeamans shot Berringer. Or, that there was a duel, with Berringer losing. That the duel had been insisted by Berringer, with Yeamans being satisfied with a mere punch-up. (Both Berringer's and Yeamans' Wills are today posted on the Net. (The descendants of Berringer are posted on pages at: http://www.gurganus.org/ourfamily/)
1651: Timor: The Dutch of the VOC settle a force in West Timor. By 1653 they had completed the fort the Portuguese had earlier begun but not finished. The Portuguese reacted with hostility, and a guerilla war broke out for control of the while island which lasted till 1660, sometimes with alliances made with locals, sometimes not. Matters were later settled in Europe, not locally. The Dutch were granted the right to stay at Kupang and to have power over West Timor. In return the Portuguese had rights to the island of Solor which the Dutch would respect. One result was that the Portuguese Preacher Brothers governed East Timor from 1661 to 1702. In the longer run, the Portuguese were still forced to hold out mainly at Dili, East Timor. (Item from Philippe Godard and Tugdual de Kerros, 1772: The French Annexation of New Holland. The Tale of Louis De Saint Alouarn. (Translated by Odette Margot, Myra Stanbury and Sue Baxter.) Perth, Museum of Western Australia, 2008., p. 163.
1653: Some rather more successful settlements are made in Carolina by arrivals from Virginia on the banks of the Chowan and Roanoke rivers, in a district named Albemarle for one of the Proprietors. George Monck, Duke Albemarle.In 1664, Albemarkle Country was officially created and its first governor was William Drummond.
1656: Vergulde Draek. Dutch VOC. Capt Pieter Albertrszoon. Exploration.
1656: Witte Valck, Dutch VOC, Captain Unknown, Exploration about Australia. With ship Goede Hoop
1657: De Vinq. Dutch VOC. Capt Unknown. Exploration. With ship Veenenburgh.
1658: Waeckende Boey. Dutch VOC. Capt Samuel Volckerts. Exploration. With Aucke Pieterszoon Jonck and ship Emerloot.
1658: Elburg. Dutch VOC. Capt Jacob Pieterszoon Pereboom. Exploration work.
1650s: The Yeaman's story continued: In Cromwell's time, Cromwell dumped political prisoners on Barbados, causing strife, up to 120,000 or more, and one unspecified William Yeamans had been involved in shipping some of them to Barbados. The Restoration restored the Royalists to power in Barbados. John Yeamans was on the Barbados Council 1660-1664, but the man holding sway under the new order was Sir John Colleton.
1650s: Small tobacco farmers begin to settle in what later by 1701 became North Carolina. Their activities are seperate from the activities of the settlers of southern Carolina who came from Barbados.
Circa 1660: The Carolina story, Proprietors: Governor of Virginia Sir William Berkeley, (1606-1677). Whig. One of the Carolina proprietors. (See Bliss, Revolution and Empire, p. 209 and Haley, Shaftesbury, pp. 230ff, This man's brother is Lord Berkeley of Stratton who had married a City heiress and had money to invest; re the Carolina proprietors. Appted Governor Virginia in 1641, defeated Indians and Dutch, explored, persecuted dissidents, a Royalist, deposed by Cromwell's puritans, Re-appointed Governor in 1660, and became a tyrant, much interested in the fur trade. Brought on Bacon's Rebelllion. See T. J. Wertenbaker, Virginia Under the Stuarts, 1607-1688. 1914.
1661 and earlier: Burke's Extinct Baronetcies says John Yeamans son of John Y and Blanche married first to a duaghter of Mr Limp and had a son William his heir. John married secondly to Margaret Foster, earlier the wife of Colonel Benjamin Berringer of Barbados. There was on Barbados one Colin Berringer with whom John Yeamans sometimes dealt (Colin Berringer, planter and real estate speculator on Cherry Hill, preparing it for new settlers).
JY married Margaret ten weeks after Berringer died. (The Barbados Gov at the time was Willoughby.) On Barbados Yeamans built Round House (today a restaurant and guesthouse), by the big hill in Bathsheba. John Y also dealt with Benjamin Berringer (a Royalist) who lived at The Abbey, Parish St Peter, a Jacobean mansion, a four-chimney house about an hour's horse ride away from Yeaman's house in an area of mahogany trees (later called Nicholas Abbey as a Berringer grand-daughter married George Nicholas).
Follows an impression of Berringer genealogy ...
Descendants of Colonel of Barbados Berringer Benjamin
1. Colonel of Barbados Berringer Benjamin (b.1615;d.1661) sp: Foster Margaret (who later remarried to John Yeamans)
2. Berringer Margaret (b.1645;d.1720) sp: Governor Carolina Moore James (b.1640;d.1706)
3. Moore Roger (b.1694;d.1759) sp: wife2 Rhett Catherine (b.1705)
4. Moore William Roger (b.1721) sp: Davis Mary Paris sp: wife1 Raynor Mary
4. Moore George (b.1715;d.1778) sp: Ashe Mary
5. Moore Mary (b.1760) sp: Davis Thomas
6. Davis George (b.1820;d.1896) sp: Polk Mary Adelaide
3. Moore John (b.1698) sp: Smith Justina
3. Soldier Moore James Jnr (b.1664) sp: Neufville Elizabeth
4. Moore Roger (b.1685) sp: Nash Polly
5. Moore Margaret (b.1707;d.1775) sp: Sanders William
5. Moore James (b.1710) sp: Wheeler Julia
5. Moore Mary (b.1724) sp: Captain Postell John
4. Moore John (d.1800) sp: Sullivan Drusilla
5. Moore James (b.1760;d.1785) sp: Moseley Elizabeth
6. Moore George Milar (b.1810) sp: Crook Eliza
3. Moore Jehu 3. Colonel Lawyer Moore Maurice (d.1743) sp: wife1 Lillington Elizabeth (b.1679;d.1725)
4. Moore Anne sp: Corbyn John
4. Moore Margaret sp: Jones Thomas
4. Moore Elizabeth sp: Of Boston Minot George
5. Loyalist Minot Sarah sp: Loyalist fled to Canada Taylor Nathaniel
4. Moore Mary sp: Porter John Swann sp: Moore Maurice sp: Moore Nathaniel
4. Moore Alfred
4. Moore Maurice (b.1735;d.1777) sp: Grange Anne sp: wife2 Porter Mary
3. Cape Fear developer Moore Nathaniel sp: Notknown Miss
4. Moore Nathaniel sp: Moore Mary
3. Moore Anne (b.1687) sp: Captain Davis David
3. Moore Mary sp: Delegate to Continental Congress Howe Robert (b.1732;d.1785) sp: Clifford Thomas
3. Moore Rebecca sp: Baker Thomas sp: Colonel Day William
3. Moore Margaret sp: First Landgrave, Gov Carolina Smith Thomas
3. Moore Joseph (b.1699;d.1753) sp: Hodges Ann
2. Berringer John sp: Notknown Miss
3. Berringer Miss sp: Nicholas George (so far untraceable)
2. Berringer Jehu, 2. Berringer Simon, 2. Berringer Mary sp: Maycock Thomas
(Ends Berringer genealogy)
1661: January, After conflict with Colonel John Yeamans, Colonel Benjamin Berringer dies on Barbados, either shot or poisoned. Whatever actually happened, Berringer being poisoned, shot, or injured in a pistol duel, Berringer died 1661.
1661: The Yeamans Story continued: In 1661, William Hilton took a party of aspiring settlers from Barbados to Cape Fear (Carolina), but had no favour and could not get land title; Hilton tried again in 1663. The Proprietors of Carolina meanwhile were eight men who had the king's favour, not including Yeamans.) The king again met with the proprietors in August 1664.
1663: London wine merchant Job Harby died about 1663. Married Elizabeth Wyche. (A name difficult to research)
1663: The royally-appointed Carolina Proprietors from 1663 were: Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674). George Duke Albemarle, George Monck (1608-1670). William Craven, Lord Craven (1608-1697). John Berkeley Lord Berkeley (1607-1678). Anthony Cooper, Lord Ashley/Earl Shaftesbury (1621-1683). Sir George Carteret (1610-1680). Sir William Berkeley (1605-1677) and Sir John Colleton (1608-1666).
1663: Barbados suffers a crop-destroying plague of locusts. At some time, a fire afflicted Bridgetown, burning it to the ground.
1663: Disgruntled Barbadians send a reconnaissance ship to the Carolina territory (Cape Fear), and later bought 32 square miles of Cape Fear (about Clarendon River) from Indians.
1663: The Carolina Story, the Proprietors: Sir George Carteret (c1613-1679) Royalist, Dep-Gov New Jersey, once a Comptroller of Admiralty. Created Baronet in 1645, a favourite of Buckingham. (Burke's Extinct, p. 104.) USA/Virginia http by John Marshall at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/%7Emarshall/esmd207.htm and in series, for DeLaval. Investor in Royal Africa Co. His own wikipedia page. A distinguished naval officer. He is an early proprietor of Hudson's Bay Company and same for early Carolina. Carteret had been out on Prince Rupert's piratical endeavours. He is one-time proprietor of East Jersey. His widow sold some of his proprietary interests to 12 Quaker purchasers including William Penn. Member of the Board of Trade.
1663, October. William Hilton is again sent by Barbadians to explore more of Carolina. Was about Cape Fear River October December. It seems that some such Barbadians had tried or would try to negotiate with the Carolina Proprietors.
1663: The Carolina Story, the Proprietors: First Earl Craven. William Craven (1608-1697) Son of Lord Mayor Wiliam Craven. Unmarried. Lt-General. Named in Burke's Peerage and Baronetage for Powis. Bliss, Revolution and Empire, p. 209. See GEC, Peerage, Craven, pp. 500ff. Craven supported Charles II and the Queen, for which he'd been punished by Cromwell. See Haley on Shaftesbury, pp. 230ff, he is a rich courtier who has inherited a fortune. He supported the restoration of Charles II. Had been taken with Prince Rupert. He was a master of Trinity House, commissioner for the government of Tangier, faced Dutch troops when William III arrived in England. He is a proprietor of Carolina from 1663.
1664: England: The king met with the Carolina proprietors in August 1664 to discuss issues. In May 1664, John Vassall of Barbados had financed a settlement of the Lower Cape Fear area, and establshed Charlestown, on the Charles River / Clarendon River / Cape Fear River. Vassall however had no proper arrangement with the Proprietors, but William Yeamans of Port Royal (son of John the later third Governor of Carolina) did have a proper arrangement. The Proprietors signed with William Yeamans in January 1665.
1664: About 1664, James Moore settles at Goose Creek, Carolina. (By 15 February 1674 he had appeared as an attorney for Margaret the widow of the now-decased third governor of Carolina, John Yeamans.
1665: John Yeamans had become important on Barbados, and helped lead Barbadians (up to 800) wanting to settle Cape Fear, Carolina, who settled there in October 1665, making a town on the south bank of Cape Fear River that failed. It had exported timber product to Barbados. Some of these failed settlers went to Virginia, some to Boston or New England, some back to Barbados. In Carolina Yeamans traded in cedar logs, wild animal skins. Cf., Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina under the Proprietary Government, 1670-1719. New York, 1897. And Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgh, The history of Barbados, comprising a geographical and statistical description... as a Google Books Result.)
1665: The Yeamans Story, continued: But Yeamans and Colleton sent John's son William Yeamans as an agent to Carolina in 1665, the Proprietors agreed, Yeamans when choosing applicants for resettlements in Carolina favoured aspirants who had servants, which in turn entitled them to extra land. Yeamans himself became a Landgrave, and so was entitled to 48,000 acres of what became Clarendon Country, bought from Indians. In August 1669 Capt Joseph West left from England with three ships, the Carolina, Port Royal and Albemarle for Barbados (Albemarle sank) with settlers, also carrying a document making Yeamans governor of Carolina. Yeamans replaced Albemarle with the ship Three Brothers, and Yeamans recruited the former governor of Bermuda, Capt William Sayle, aged 80, to supervise. The attitudes of the Spanish and the Indians to new English settlers however made these English uncertain where to actually settle, so they went to Cooper River and started logging and planting. (1665: Another view is that John Yeamans went to Carolina by 1663 and was Governor by October 1665, but efforts failed and he returned to Barbados.)
1666: The Carolina Story, the Proprietors: Sir John Collecton (died 1666), a son of Peter Colleton, high sheriff of Exeter in 1618, who married to Ursula Hull dr of Henry Hull of Larkbeare. (See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage for Colleton. One of the original Carolina Proprietors, Bliss, p. 209 of Revolution and Empire. See Haley on Shaftesbury, pp. 236ff re settlement of Carolina. A relative of Modyford. See Dunn, Sugar and Slaves, p. 78, Note 62. Davies, Royal Africa Co., index.
1667: Barbados: A hurricane visits Barbados and destroys buildings, etc.
1667: August. A terrific hurricane comes near to destroying the recent settlement of Charlestown, Carolina. Settlers became dispirited.
1668: Yeamans had a son who in September 1668 was killed by a son of Sir John Colleton, John C, brother of Peter, after Sir John Colleton had died.
1669: The Yeamans story continued: Finally a court ruled that The Abbey be returned to the Berringer children. Yeamans with Margaret his new wife packed and went to Carolina in 1669, taking the Berringer children with him. Yeamans was governor there within three years, by 19 April 1672, The first Carolina Governor was Sayles, second was West, third governor of Carolina was John Yeamans. Yeamans got a grant of 48,000 acres of land in Carolina. But he over-championed the new settlement and alienated the Proprietors, wanting more stores than they were willing to send. One view is that in Carolina by 1669 or so, he introduced slavery into North America. A story is that in 1669-1670 he had part of a three-ship expedition, got into storm about the Bahamas, got to Bermuda, returned to Barbados. Another view is that the first slaves arrived in 1671, 200 of them, brought by Yeamans from Barbados, as Yeamans qualified for extra land if he had slaves, that is, extra labour (under what is called a Head-Right System). Yeamans had allegedly poisoned (and had him poisoned) or shot (duel) Berringer to be free with Margaret Foster. Yeamans in Carolina became viewed by some as "a sordid calculator". His Will (online) mentions children, a daughter Willoughby, son Roa?? daughter Ann, George, Edward, a daughter Mrs Francis Hackett wife of Robert Hackett. Yeamans also had a nephew, Samuel Woorey (sic). (Sacks on Bristol, p. 437, Note 89.)
1669: English philopher John Locke also becomes responsible for instituting slavery in Carolina by writing in the Constitution of Carolina, 1669, "Every freeman of Carolina, shall have absolute power and authority over his negro slaves, of whatever opinion or religion whatsoever." As matters developed after about 1700, slavery was used much less in North Carolina than in the South.
1669: Early in his Carolinan period, Yeamans traded in cedar logs and wild animal skins. (No one asks apparently, if before 1643 when he died, Sir Robert in Bristol traded in sugar, slaves, or timber and animal skins!) John seems to have been married on Barbados to Elizabeth Nicholls and had say five children with her, one of whom was William of New York. But in Carolina, John allegedly developed a passion for Margaret Foster, (perhaps the daughter of a Rev. John Foster),married to Berringer. It seems that Foster and Yeamans had three chldren, Willoughby (a popular name for children of Barbados), Robert, and militia Major William Yeamans once a Member of the Assembly of Barbados. Robert married Elizabeth Mellowes and William born about 1643 married Willoughby Brown, daughter of Sir James Brown.
1671: The effort to colonise Carolina saw the arrival of Dutch from New York and others direct from Holland. John Yeamans arrived from Barbados with 200 slaves. Shortly Yeamans succeeded West as governor of Carolina. Yeamans proved to be "a sordid calculator" wishing only to enrich himself, using his position to exploit his captive group of co-settlers.
1671: Carolina: Sayle in Carolina was not popular as governor, partly due to views that his religiosity was excessive, and he died in March 1671 to be replaced by Captain West. (Sayles by then had a mansion at Albemarle Point.) Other settlers arrived to Carolina in 1671. Yeamans with Margaret (formerly Foster/Berringer) and children arrived about 1 July 1671, plus a nephew Edward Yeamans. West refused to relinguish the governorship until directly ordered to do so by the Proprietors. Yeamans prevailed by 19 April 1672 when he was appointed governor. Yeamans produced excess food (he had also imported cattle from Barbados) and sent it to Barbados for higher prices, meanwhile exploiting any supplies-buyers in Carolina by overcharging (quite contrary to the proprietors' stated wishes), and became more unpopular. But Yeamans did have to confront the Spanish, which he did with courage. The proprietors received complaints about Yeamans and acted by April 1674 to replace him with West (making West also a landgrave), whereupon Yeamans anyway died, 1674. The governor of Carolina (from 1700), James Moore, had married the daughter Margaret of John Yeamans and Margaret Foster and continued Yeamans' exploitative regime. By the 1730s the firm Yeamans and Escott (gapskey re Shubricks) supplied slaves to Carolina.
1674: John Yeamans is removed from office as Governor Carolina in 1674 and died that year. There was another John Yeamans, difficult to trace, who was of Mill Hill Antigua, a Lt-Governor of Antigue, who had three sons and six daughters.
From 1674: Slavery had become so entrenched in agricultural life on Barbados that it produced the Barbados Slave Code. Whether this Code was fully-written-down or not is a mere quibble, the Code proposed a way of managing slaves on plantations that injected enormous suffering into human life in North America up till and beyond the American Civil War as its legacy persisted. This is just one reason why we need to ask, why it is still the case in 2010 that the Yeamans genealogy and family history is still so-badly rendered on today's websites, and probably, no better in any variety of printed books. Something is wrong here, and probably, most wrong on the part of those who profess to be most upset, most outraged about the history of the use slavery in the North America. How wrong is hard to say. It does seem that nobody can rely on most Yeamans genealogies so far posted to the Internet.
Convict contractor, London merchant William Freeman. active by 1677.
1678: Vliegende Zwaan. Dutch VOC. Capt Jan van fer Wall. Exploration.
1681: London (of 1681). English or Dutch? Capt John Daniel. Exploration. First chartings of an Australian coastline in English language, later published by Alexander Dalrymple.
1687: Notknown (1). Dutch, Capt Nicolas Gedeon de Voutron. Exploration of Swan River area. West Australia.
1687: L'Oiseau. French. Capt Abraham Duquesne-Guitton. Exploration, and on way to Siam with French ambassador to there.
1687: The first known French contact with Australian land was in 1687 by a ship of Compagnie des Indes. This was the Oiseau commanded by Abraham Duquesne-Guitton who sailed the French southern route bound for Siam/Thailand. He was forced south by bad weather and sighted the West Australiajhn coast on 4 Aufgust 1687 just north of the Swan River. He did not however make a landing. (Item from Philippe Godard and Tugdual de Kerros, 1772: The French Annexation of New Holland. The Tale of Louis De Saint Alouarn. (Translated by Odette Margot, Myra Stanbury and Sue Baxter.) Perth, Museum of Western Australia, 2008., p. 2.
1688: Cygnet, Private (Pirate). Captain Read with William Dampier. Careen ship. Exploration
Tontine contractor re William III, Turkey merchant Benjamin Boddington Snr. (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Finance contractors to Stuart Kings, Philip Burlamachi and Sir Paul Pindar (?). Sir Hugh Cholmley at Tangier as in Colley's Captives. (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor naval stores, once Governor New York. Richard Coote Lord Bellomont, (died 1700-1701). Organizer of the backers of pirate Captain Kidd. (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor, monies to government, Sir Bart1 Robert Vyner (nd). Once Lord Mayor of London. (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Sir Knight Thomas Lane active 1689, married Mary Ashurst/Asshurst. (A name difficult to research)
English convict contractor, London merchant William Freeman. active by 1677.
Contractor, military finances for William III, Sir John Smith (died 1726). (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor, to British govt via Jamaica, Edward Lascelles (?). (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor, military finances to William III, MP Edward Gibbon, (1666-1736). (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor, finance, to William III, Charles Duncombe (1648-1711). (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Contractor in America assisting British government. Edward Dorsey (1645-1705). (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
Lascelles and partners, about Jamaica and to Africa. (From MNP's specialist sub-lists on merchants who are contractors to goverment)
1691: Year considered to be an official date for the separation of North and South Carolina since the Proprietors allowed Phillip Ludwell to appoint a deputy for North Carolina. Meanwhile the Proprietors remained ambivalent about having dual authority operating in the Carolinas, but in 1712 they appointed two governors for North and South, institutionalising the separation.
1697: Geelvinck. Dutch, Capt Willem de Vlamingh. Exploration. With ships Nijptangh and Weseltje in search of missing ship of VOC, Ridderschap van Holland. Of Swan River area. Western Australia.
1699: HM Roebuck. Royal Navy. Capt William Dampier. Exploration, n/w Australia.
1699: New Holland Dutch, Captain Maarten Van Delft. (1705) Exploration, with ships Vossenbosch and Waijer.
1700: Bristol, England, The Yeamans story: From about 1700, a nephew John Yeamans (parents still unknown) in Bristol imported sugar for the Yeamans "family firm" remaining in the Caribbean or in America.
Below are items still uncollected
1705: Dampier had charted parts of the north coast of New Guinea and off-shore islands north-east from Astrolabe Bay before abandoning his search for new spice islands, and returning to Timor. Dampier's report was sufficient to inspire interest in both the British and French for establishing settlements in New Britain. This Anglo-French interest worried the Dutch East India Company somewhat and in 1705 they sent Jacob Weyland off with three ships to make further investigations of the New Guinea coast and further establish their presence. (Taken from a website on British scientific voyages)
1766: From about the middle of the 1700's a number of British voyages were made to the Pacific. Commodore John Byron, grandfather of Lord Byron, on 21st June 1764 left in the frigate Dolphin accompanied by the sloop Tamar on a voyage which eventually took him around the world. The Dolphin was one of the first ships to be sheathed with copper making her suitable for voyages in tropical seas and on August 22 1766 she again left Plymouth, this time under the command of Samuel Wallis. Accompanying Wallis was Capt. Phillip Carteret in the Swallow, a dilapidated 30 year old sloop. (Taken from a website of British scientific voyages)
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