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Lists of investors in major British companies - Australasia

From Dan Byrnes

Follows sets of raw lists of the names of investors in some major international British investment companies of the nineteenth century.

Including: Canada Company, Australian Agricultural Company, South Australian Company, Western Australia Company, Van Diemen's Land Company (VDLCo), New Zealand Company ...

These company memberships are difficult and awkard to research and comment on for a variety of reasons, including the necessity for tedious repitition, plus the sheer number of British organisations which need to be referenced or referred to:

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(1) Most of the sets of names have been drawn from rather neglected PhD theses, and/or books which began their life as PhD theses.

(2) The sets of names have mostly never been embedded as such into any general or specific discussion or overview of international patterns of C19th British investment, and even if they had been so embedded, since they are mostly of interest to Australasians, any such discussion would also have to delve into the Hudson's Bay Co. of Canada, British-India, generally, and British investment in both North and South America, plus South Africa.

It is clear, however, that many of the names listed below (or their associates) had had some association with the business of convict transportation to Australia, something which vehement Leftist writers in Australia (of an admittedly now older school of thought), seem to have left unsaid, or, not to have noticed.

(3) New Zealand writers seem to avoid noticing that some of the names associated with the first colonisation schemes promoting emigration to New Zealand (or their associates), had been or were associated via maritime industries with convict transportation to Australia.

(4) The editor here (Dan Byrnes, caveat-wise), has not yet taken any opportunity to notice if any of the names listed in these Australasian contexts ever had any other relationship(s) to C19th British investment schemes designed to exploit opportunities appearing in Canada, USA or various South American countries.

(5) The full story of international C19th British investment patterns has not yet been absorbed, told or interpreted. Whether these lacunae are an actual problem is a question probably best left to British historians to consider.

Australian Agricultural Company

Map Australia-New Zealand

AACo Investor Listings: MP John Smith. (See Smith genealogy with notes at: Smith-Payne-Smith genealogy) Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar, Bart? (See Farquhar genealogy with notes at: Farquhar genealogy). MP Stewart Marjoribanks. (See Marjoribanks genealogy with notes at: Marjoribanks genealogy) Some members of the board of the Bank of England, George Brown a director of the West India Docks. Timothy Abraham Curtis (a director of Bank of England and a son of Alderman William Curtis, who had the ship Lady Penrhyn in the First Fleet to Australia arriving 1788). (See Curtis genealogy with notes at: Curtis genealogy)
Banker J. Thornton Leslie-Melville. A director of the East India Company, John G. Ravenshaw. [From Le Couteur lists]

Navigation

This directory presents files on merchants working after 1800. Some of these files are on: Plummer and Barham after 1804, Robert Brooks of the Australia Trade, India indigo business, W. S. Lindsay, shipowner, Joseph Somes, shipowner, Norman (bankers), and on Hodson's Lists of notable families of British-India.

 

Below is list of AACo names of interest: Simon Halliday, little information. Robert Dawson more to come. George Gerard Hochpied Larpent and Anna Larpent, a Cockerell link and also link to St Katherine Dock. Archibald John Marjoribanks. Sir William Edward Parry, arctic explorer, died 1855. MP Richard Hart Davis, (also in 1825 Lecouteur lists). (See Davis genealogy with notes at: Davis genealogy)
James Hastings Norton a Director Bank of Australasia died 1862. George Wade Norman died 1882. (See Norman genealogy with notes at: Smith-Payne-Smith genealogy)
NSW pioneer Henry Dangar died 1861. Sir Henry Willoughby almost no info. John Leslie-Melville, Earl 11 Leven, died 1876. Stewart Marjoribanks, (also NZCo and Pacific Pearler). Secretary of AACo, wool trader Henry Thomas Ebsworth. (See Ebsworth genealogy with notes at: Ebsworth genealogy)
Richard Mee Raikes, director of Bank of England. MP Henry Porcher, MP Joseph Hume (could this name actually be Home?). MP Henry Grey Bennet, little information. MP William Manning, little information. Director AACo Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar and Sir Walter Farquhar Bart1. George Brown a director of West India Docks, (perhaps owner of the ship Boyd of NZ notoriety?) J. H. Palmer, possibly of Palmer, McKillop and Co. Donald Maclean. Spanish merchant, George Hathorn. William Ward a director of Bank of England. MP William Haldimand, (a possible Prinsep link?). Thomas Tooke of AACo, (his partner is a Governor of Bank of England, a Mr Artile). John Baker Richards, a deputy-governor of Bank of England. Hugh Hughes of AACo( also a VDLCo director). George Thomas Palmer died 1854, (his mother a rare American Loyalist living in NSW, Susan Stillwell). Promoter of AACo, wool trader Thomas Ebsworth. John Goldsborough Ravenshaw. Cornelius Buller/Butler, Governor of Bank of England, died 1849. John Macarthur Senior of NSW. James Macarthur died 1867. John Macarthur Jnr died 1831. (See Macarthur genealogy with notes at: Macarthur genealogy)
Banker Martin Tucker Smith died 1880 (was nil in AACo but was in Canada Co). Banker John Abel Smith died 1879. George Bunn, died 1834 a Sydney agent for AACo and linked to convict contractor Mangles. Colonel Henry Dumaresq died 1838. (See Dumaresq genealogy with notes at: Dumaresq genealogy)
Entrepreneur Thomas Potter Macqueen, died 1854. (See Macqueen genealogy with notes at: http://www.merchantnetworks.com.au/genealogy/web/Macqueen/index.htm - Macqueen genealogy)
Flockmaster James White died 1842 (one of his relatives was a link to Buckle, being James Charles White, a stock supervisor. (See White genealogy with notes at: Smith-Payne-Smith genealogy)
[Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia, died 1920, his father was once secretary of AACo]. John Loch, died 1868. William Crawford, (of AACo in Lecouteur lists). MP George Frederick Young, in NZCo and SACo. Charles Bosanquet, died 1850. James Brogden, died 1842, (Lecouteur lists). Walter Stephenson Davidson died 1869, (once of bankers Herries-Farquhar).(See Davidson genealogy with notes at: Davidson genealogy)
Alexander Brodie Sparke of Sydney, died 1856. Banker John Abel Smith died 1879 (see Leighton-Boyce on Smith-Payne-Smiths, bankers). A little-known Christopher Lethbridge (see Atchison thesis). Timothy Abraham Curtis. Sir Robert Campbell died 1858, (in Lecouteur lists, he once loaned money to John Macarthur Jnr.). Walter Buchanan died 1856 (once of convict contractors Buckle, Buckle, Bagster and Buchanan). Deputy-governor of AACo, John Studholme Brownrigg, died 1853, of Palmer and Co., then the Cockerell firm. MP David Barclay died 1861 (see Harriet Lethbridge as noted in Atchison thesis.) Admiral Philip Parker King, died 1856. (See King genealogy with notes at: King of NSW, genealogy)
Possibly, Sir George Larpent.
For all, see John Atchison's thesis on AACo cited below, Ch 8, pp. 241ff.

Arrow graphicReferences other: See Pemberton, London Connection, on AACo p. 49, note, see Derek Hudson and Kenneth Luckhurst, The Royal Society of Arts. 1954. Re John Macarthur Jnr. later re prizes given by this society.

The Australian Agricultural Company included: See John Manning Ward, James Macarthur, Colonial Conservative, 1798-1867. Sydney, Sydney University Press. 1981., mentions p. 61, Macarthur's friends Walter S. Davidson and J. S. Brownrigg of the AACo; a London committee and also re 1836, a wool importer named J. W. Buckle. On p. 86, James Macarthur was introduced to George Wade Norman a director of the Bank of England and an original director of the AACo, by one Thomas Hobbes Scott. On p. 86, James Macarthur married Sibella Stone, daughter of Henry Stone a Lombard Street banker.

Navigation

This directory presents files on merchants working after 1800. Some of these files are on: Plummer and Barham after 1804, Robert Brooks of the Australia Trade, India indigo business, W. S. Lindsay, shipowner, Joseph Somes, shipowner, Norman (bankers), and on Hodson's Lists of notable families of British-India.

See also Jonathan King's biography of NSW governor P. G. King.

See also John. S. Galbraith and Samuel Clyde McCulloch, 'The Early History of the Peel River Land and Mineral Company: the P. G. King era', Australian Economic History Review, Vol. XXII, No. 1, March, 1982., pp. 28-48.m from which, in 1841, John Studholme Brownrigg is new governor of board of AACo; his son is Lt-Col J. S. Brownrigg Jnr., who came onto the board of Peel River Co. Count Paul de Strezlecki also came on the board of Peel River Co. A deputy-governor of the Co. sent to Australia is Archibald W. Blane. A Peel River Co. resident superintendent is Marcus Brownrigg, a relative. On p. 37 of this article, NSW clergyman hailing from Scotland, John Dunmore Lang, a noted radical stirrer, generally became hostile to Australian companies being financed by London capital; he believed the AACo activity was iniquitous, and felt that NSW wool producers were slaves to British merchants and capital.

In 1816, members of the Society of Arts with later AACo connections included Lord Bathurst. James Brogden. Walter Buchanan. Sir Robert Farquar and Sir Thomas Farquhar. James Esdaile Hammett. John Macarthur Jnr. Thomas Potter McQueen. Richard Twining.
On Robert Farquhar, see George Miller, 'Robert Farquar in the Malay Archipelago', Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 51, 2, 1978. Son of Sir Walter Farquar, who was recently by 1801 or so, physician to Prince of Wales, friend of John Macarthur Senior of NSW, re a family friendship.

 

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Van Diemen's Land Company

See Pemberton, London Connectioon re AACo p. p216; By 10 November, 1825, the VDLCo had been granted a charter very similar to that given to the AACo.

List for The New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land Commercial Association: (supposedly by 1836 a semi-secret group):

Richard Aspinall. MP John S. Brownrigg, of Cockerell and Co. Convict contractor Robert Brooks. Convict contractor John William Buckle. S. Donaldson of Donaldson, Wilkinson and Co. Duncan Dunbar of Duncan Dunbar and Sons, London. (See Dunbar genealogy with notes at: Dunbar genealogy)
John Gore. Jacob Montefiore. William Walker (who had a son-in-law, Donald Lanarch, a director of Bank of New South Wales) of Walker Bros. and Co. Arthur Willis of A. Willis Sons and Co. And Joseph Moore, formerly a clerk for Buckles and later a partner of Devitt and Moore.

Source: Broeze, Robert Brooks, pp. 117-119, p. 237, variously.

Below is list of VDLCo names of interest: Rowland Hill. Banker Raikes Currie, died 1881. (See Currie genealogy with notes at: Currie genealogy)
MP Edmund Ellice died 1863 (a director of Canada Co.). Edward Curr. MP William Borrodaile (little known but see below), MP and Banker. J. Pearse, governor VDLCo and also B. Pearse. J. Innes of East India trade, (see name Innes re South Australia?). Wool trader T. Murdoch. Wool trader J. Bishop. Wool Trader, J. Bond. A little-known A. Campbell. director VDLCo. The little-known Capt. Dundas. Wool trader H. Hicks. Wool trader W. Everett. Russia Merchant, J. Cattley. J. Donaldson of Donaldson-Wilkinson. MP J. Cripps, once deputy-governor of VDLCo. Wool trader J. Jacob. Wool trader J. Saunders. Hugh Hughes (who may also have been associated with AACO?).

Map Australia-New Zealand

VDLCo: J. Palmer a bank director and an East India merchant (who was probably connected with the India house of Palmer, which family house the first commissary of NSW was connected, John Palmer - ?). J. Innes an East India merchant, and a variety of names noted in the wool trade, J. Cattley supposedly an eminent Russia merchant [but certainly not as eminent as other Russia merchants of his day, such as Hubbard of London]. W. Borrodaile a ship owner and India merchant (little known).

Arrow graphicReferences other: Nil.

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South Australia Company

Below is a list of SA Co names of interest: (see list in Gouger qv).

Thomas Pottinger. Robert Archibald Morehead.

Re Christopher Rawson qv , and see re Rawson as a governor of NSW - He is taken to be a prominent banker of Halifax and a member of board of SACo (see below). See notes to Thomas Brooks re his fr-in-law- qv.

Below and see re Thomas Brooks per an emailer, is a list of SA Co names of interest: Thomas Pottinger. Robert Archibald Morehead.

From 1840, (see Pike, Dissent, p. 214), the directors of the South Australian Banking Company were G. F. Angas. George Davenport qv. Henry Kingscote. J. R. Mills. John Pirie. (Pirie's genealogy is not helpful, partly as he was a bachelor.)
John Rundle. C. Dawson. J. R. Todd. J. H. Leckie. John Wheelton. J. Fussell. Re the London Bank, Smith, Payne, Smiths, a possible link may be SACo name Thomas Smith (see Pike, Dissent, p. 121.) He becomes mentally ill by 1844 and resigned positions re SA. In 1831, Robert Gouger formed Robert Gouger and Co. to assist poor labourers to Australia and Canada and then had an establishment at 148 Leadenhall Street providing outfits to East India army agents and arranging passages to and from India and the colonies. He has a brother Henry who gave some financial support to Robert's activities. His wife has one child, mother and child die when they arrive at South Australia. (Pike, Dissent, p. 99), he is second youngest in family of eleven children, has a brother in India or in eastern trade, of Huguenot stock, schooled at Nottingham, once met socialist Robert Owen; in 1829 he was attracted by ideas of promoting Swan River colony (Western Australia, today's Perth), hoped to work for T. P. Macqueen (see above), but after meeting Wakefield, he decided on WA and convinced Macqueen that importing Chinese coolies was a good idea for any South Australian workforce. He is a Republican. (Is he the one-time secretary of National Colonization Society? See his own ADB entry; he once visited Edward Gibbon Wakefield in Newgate. (See Wakefield genealogy with notes at: Wakefield genealogy)

West Australia Company

Below is a list of West Australia Co. names of interest: James Stirling. (See Stirling genealogy with notes at: Stirling genealogy)
Mangles. (See Mangles genealogy with notes at: Mangles genealogy)
Edward Gibbon Wakefield (also SACo and NZ). Sir Francis Vincent. Edward Schenley. John Hutt. Colonel Peter Latour.(See Latour genealogy with notes at: Latour genealogy)
Thomas Potter Macqueen (see re genealogy above). Robert Gouger. Jacob Montefiore.

Arrow graphicReferences other: Nil.

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New Zealand Company

Members of the New Zealand Company as it changed incarnations are listed in appendices in Peter Adams, Fatal Necessity: British intervention in New Zealand, 1830-1847. Oxford University Press, 1977.

Map Australia-New Zealand

Abraham Wildey Robarts. James Faden. William Mannings. Russell Ellice a merchant in the East India Trade, chairman of the East India Company in 1853. MP Edward Ellice (1781-1863), politician and merchant, involved in the Canadian land and fur trade, with a life connection with the Hudson's Bay Company, a radical Whig MP, government minister. Stewart Marjoribanks a merchant in the India trade, connected with the East India Company, a founder of the Pacific Pearling Company in 1825 and also associated with the Australian Agricultural Company. Ralph Fenwick, member of a family firm in shipping insurance. MP George Lyall (died 1853), politician and merchant, head of a family firm in the East India trade and shipowners from 1805, chairman of the General Shipowners Society in the 1820s, and in 1830 a director and in 1841 chairman of the East India Company, a Tory MP. MP George Palmer (1722-1853), politician and merchant, East India Company naval service, who entered a family partnership of East Indies merchants and shipowners, chairman of the General Shipowners Society in 1832, Tory MP for Essex. Colonel Robert Torrens (1780-1864), Royal Marines, political economist, a co-founder of South Australia and chairman of the South Australian Commissioners. Hon. Admiral Sir Courtenay Boyle (died 1844). MP Edward John Littleton (1791-1863) the first Baron Hatherton, landowner and politician, MP, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1833-1834. MP James Pattison, MP, in 1818, chairman of the East India Company, Governor of the Bank of England in 1834-1837.

NSW Freemason magazine cover

Freemasonry thrived in C19th Australian colonies.
Above: The NSW Freemason magazine,
Vol. 25, No., 1, February. 1993.

Adams also lists members of the New Zealand Association Committee of 1837. Sources: Adams, as above.

Re New Zealand Company of 1825-1839: including the New Zealand Association Committee of 1837 and the New Zealand Company directorate of May and November, 1839.

The New Zealand Co. of 1825 included: John George Lambton, First Earl of Durham (1792-1840) politician and diplomat, Lord Privy Seal 1830-1839, Governor-General of Canada 1839, Governor of New Zealand Association 1837-1838 and the New Zealand Company 1839-1840. John William Buckle, Solicitor for the 1825 New Zealand Company, sometime chairman of the Shipowners Society. Abraham Wildey Robarts, no info. James Faden no info. William Mannings no info. Russell Ellice, merchant in East India Trade, chairman of East India Company in 1853. MP Edward Ellice (1781-1863) politician and merchant, Canadian land and fur trade, had a life connection with Hudson's Bay Co., radical Whig MP, Secretary to Treasury, Secretary-at-War 1833-1834, Privy Councillor in 1833. Stewart Marjoribanks, merchant in India trade connected with EICo, founder of Pacific Pearling Co. in 1825. Ralph Fenwick, member of a family firm in shipping insurance. MP George Lyall died 1853, politician and merchant, head of a family firm in East India trade and shipowners from 1805, chairman of the Shipowners' Society in 1820s, in 1830 a director and in 1841 chairman of EICo, Tory MP, see English DNB, v, XII, p. 304. MP George Palmer (1722-1853), politician and merchant, EICo naval service, entered a family partnership of East Indies merchants and shipowners from 1802, master of Mercer's Company 1821, chairman of Shipowners Society in 1832, Tory MP for Essex. Robert Torrens (1780-1864), Royal Marines, Political Economist, Colonel in 1837, a co-founder of South Australia and chairman of SA Commissioners. Hon. Admiral Sir Courtenay Boyle (died 1844). Edward John Littleton (1791-1863) the First Baron Hatherton, landowner and politician, MP, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1833-1834. MP James Pattison, deputy-chairman 1817, 1821, 1827 and chairman 1818, 1822, of East India Company, Governor Bank of England in 1834-1837.
Ends the New Zealand Co. list for 1825.

Map Australia-New Zealand

The New Zealand Association Committee of 1837 was Durham. William Hutt (1801-1882, politician, a Commissioner of South Australia, active in colonial and commercial affairs. William Henry Francis, Lord Petre. MP Sir George Sinclair, Bart, (1790-1868), author and Whig MP. Sir Francis Thornhill Baring (1796-1866), head of a branch of Barings interested in eastern trade, Lord of Admiralty, 1849-1852, First Lord Northbrook. (See Baring genealogy with notes at: Baring genealogy)
MP Sir William Molesworth (1810-1855), radical MP, wrote report on 1837 being Select Committee on Transportation, supporter of Wakefieldian colonisation, in 1855 is Secretary of State for Colonies. MP William Bingham Baring, second Baron Ashburton (1799-1864), Tory MP, Paymaster-General 1845-1846. MP Walter Frederick Campbell. Charles Enderby the head of Enderby and Sons, South Sea sperm whalers operating about New Zealand. (See Enderby genealogy with notes at: Enderby genealogy)
MP Robert Ferguson. MP Benjamin Hawes, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Colonies, 1846-1851, permanent Under-Sec for War, 1857-1861, KCB. Reverend Samuel Hinds (1793-1872, Bishop of Norwich 1849-1857. MP Philip Henry Howard, MP for Carlisle in 1830. MP Thomas Mackenzie. Rear-Admiral Sir William Symonds (1782-1856), Captain RN, surveyor of the Navy 1832-1847 and Rear-Admiral in 1854. Henry George Ward (1797-1860), politician, diplomat, colonial service, secretary of Admiralty 1846-1849, Governor of Ceylon in 1855-1860, Governor of Madras 1860, GCMG. MP William Wolryche Whitemore, leader of the East India sugar interest and involved in East India trade, vice-president of Anti-Slavery Society.
Ends list for NZ Assoc Committee for 1837.

List for New Zealand Company directorate of May 1839; Durham. Buckle. R. Ellice. S. Marjoribanks. Fenwick. Lyall. Palmer. Torrens. Hutt. Petre. Sinclair. (All noted earlier), Plus James Brodie Gordon no info. And Sir John Pirie, head of Oriental Steamship Company, London Lord Mayor in 1842. MP John Abel Smith (1801-1871), Whig and Liberal MP, merchant banker, chief partner of Smith, Payne and Smith bankers in 1835-1845, founder partner of Smith, Magniac and Co., East India and China merchants, the forerunners of Jardine/Matheson and Co. MP Joseph Somes (1787-1845), deputy-governor of New Zealand Company till Durham's death, Governor of New Zealand Company 1840-1845, largest shipowner in England, engaged in East India trade and South Sea whaling, MP for Dartmouth. MP William Thompson, Lord Mayor London in 1829, director of Bank of England in 1827-1851. Sir Henry Webb, Bart no info. Arthur Willis no info. George Frederick Young, shipping magnate. John Ward (1805-1890), diplomat, author, co-author with Edward Wakefield on book on New Zealand colonisation, secretary of NW Colonisation Society.

The New Zealand Company directorate of November 1839 included: the May 1839 directorate excluding Fenwick, Lyall, Palmer and Torrens, but including Baring and Molesworth, plus John Ellerker Boulcott, no info. [Alfred?] Nairne no info. MP Thompson A. Hankey, of the family of bankers Hankey and Co., deputy-governor 1847-1851 and governor 1851-153 of Bank of England.

Sources here including DNB, Joseph Haydn, The Book of Dignities, Third edition, (by H. Ockerby), London, 1894. Manning, New Zealand History Journal. Appendices to Peter Adams, Fatal Necessity: British Intervention in New Zealand, 1830-1847. Oxford University Press, 1977. pp. 250ff.


New Zealand Company: The New Zealand Co. of 1825 included John George Lambton, First Earl Durham (1792-1840) politician and diplomat, Lord Privy Seal 1830-1839, Gov-Gen Canada 1839, Governor of NZ Association 1837-1838 and of the NZCo. 1839-1840. John William Buckle [convict contractor], Solicitor for the 1825 NZCo, sometime chairman of the General Shipowner's Society. Abraham Wildey Robarts [no information but probably a relation of Abraham Robarts the 1790s investor with William Curtis in the London bankers associated with Robarts, Curtis, Were, Lubbock and others. Russell Ellice a merchant in East India Trade, chairman of EICo in 1853. MP Edward Ellice (1781-1863), a radical MP and a merchant involved in Canadian land and fur trade, with a life connection with the Hudson's Bay Company, Secretary to the Treasury, Secretary at War 1833-1834, Privy Councillor in 1833. Stewart Marjoribanks as above, also founder of the Pacific Pearling Co in 1825. Ralph Fenwick member of a family firm engaged in shipping insurance. George Lyall [convict contractor], died 1853, politician and merchant, head of a family firm in East India trade and shipowners from 1805, chairman of the General Shipowners' Society in the 1820s, in 1830 a director and in 1841 chairman of the East India Company. MP George Palmer (1722-1853), a politician and merchant, formerly of the East India Company naval service, who entered a family partnership of East India merchants and shipowners from 1802, master of the Mercer's Company 1821, chairman of the General Shipowners Society in 1832, Tory MP for Essex. Robert Torrens (1780-1864), Royal Marines, Political Economist, Colonel in 1837, a co-founder of South Australia and a chairman of Commissioners of South Australia. Edward John Littleton (1791-1863), first Baron Hatherton, landowner and politician, MP, Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1833-1834. MP, James Pattison, a director of the East India Company, chairman 1818, 1822, Governor of the Bank of England in 1834-1837.

Map Australia-New Zealand

The New Zealand Association Committee of 1837 included: Earl Durham, William Hutt (1801-1882, politician, a Commissioner of South Australia, William Henry Francis, Lord Petre; Sir George Sinclair, Bart, (1790-1868), author and Whig MP; banker Sir Francis Thornhill Baring (1796-1866), first Lord Northbrook, head of a branch of Barings interested in eastern trade, Lord of Admiralty, 1849-1852. MP Sir William Molesworth (1810-1855), a radical MP who wrote a report arising from the 1837 Select Committee on Transportation and a supporter of Wakefieldian colonisation, in 1855 a Secretary of State for Colonies. MP William Bingham Baring, second Baron Ashburton (1799-1864), Tory MP, Paymaster-General 1845-1846. MP Walter Frederick Campbell. Charles Enderby, as the head of Enderby and Sons, South Sea sperm whalers, and from a family of earlier convict contractors. Henry George Ward (1797-1860), diplomat, Governor of Ceylon in 1855-1860, Governor of Madras 1860. MP William Wolryche Whitemore, leader of the East India sugar interest and involved in East India trade, vice-president of the Anti-Slavery Society.

A list for the NZCo directorate of May 1839 included: Earl Durham, J. W. Buckle, R. Ellice, S. Marjoribanks, Lyall, Palmer, Torrens, Hutt, Petre, Sinclair, all noted earlier, plus Sir John Pirie head of the Oriental Steamship Co, Lord Mayor London in 1842 and involved in the Australia trade. MP John Abel Smith (1801-1871), Whig and Liberal MP, merchant banker, chief partner of Smith, Payne and Smith in 1835-1845, a founder partner of Smith, Magniac and Co, East India and China merchants, the forerunner of Jardine/Matheson and Co. MP Joseph Somes (1787-1845), convict contractor and deputy-governor of the NZCo till Durham's death, Governor of the NZCo 1840-1845, the largest shipowner in England, engaged east India trade and South Sea whaling, MP for Dartmouth. MP William Thompson, Lord Mayor of London in 1829, a director of the Bank of England 1827-1851. George Frederick Young shipping magnate [fix is he a convict contractor?], John Ward (1805-1890), diplomat, author, co-author with Edward Wakefield on book on NZ colonisation.

Below is a list of NZ Co names of interest. Alfred Nairne, little info. MP Thompson A. Hankey, Gov of Bank of England. Sir Henry George Ward. Diplomat John Ward died 1890. MP William Wolryche Whitemore in East India sugar business. James Brodie Gordon, little information. Sir Henry Webb. Arthur Willis (of the Willis owners of Cutty Sark?) John Ellerker Boulcott. MP Philip Henry Howard. MP Thomas Mackenzie. Rear-Admiral Sir William Symonds. MP Walter Frederick Campbell. MP Robert Ferguson. MP Benjamin Hawes. Rev Samuel Hinds, Bishop of Norwich. Ralph Fenwick, George Lyall dir and gov of EICo. Admiral Sir Courtenay Boyle. Gov EICo James Pattison. Ross Donnelly Mangles. Edward John Littleton, Baron1 Hatherton. James Faden. William Mannings (who might be William Manning? qv check fact) SACo and NZCo figure Sir William Hutt. Sir George Sinclair Bart died 1868. Charles Enderby. Colonel Robert Torrens. Russell Ellice. MP George Frederick Young. Below is a list of Canada Co names of interest. Richard Blanchard /Blanshard. MP William Williams dep-chair Canada Co. MP Robert Downe. William Hibbert Jnr. MP James Mackillop. MP Robert Biddulph.

 

Arrow graphicReferences other: Nil.

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New Zealand Company

Map Australia-New Zealand

Below is a list of New Zealand Company names of interest:
Alfred Nairne, little info. MP Thompson A. Hankey, Governor of Bank of England. Sir Henry George Ward. Diplomat John Ward died 1890. MP William Wolryche Whitemore, in East India sugar business. James Brodie Gordon, little information. Sir Henry Webb. Arthur Willis (seemingly not connected to Willis the owners of famous clipper, Cutty Sark?) John Ellerker Boulcott. MP Philip Henry Howard. MP Thomas Mackenzie. Rear-Admiral Sir William Symonds. MP Walter Frederick Campbell. MP Robert Ferguson. MP Benjamin Hawes. Rev Samuel Hinds, Bishop of Norwich. Ralph Fenwick. George Lyall, director and governor of East India Company. Admiral Sir Courtenay Boyle. James Pattison, governor of East India Company. Ross Donnelly Mangles. Edward John Littleton, Baron1 Hatherton. James Faden. William Mannings (who might be William Manning qv?). SACo and NZCo figure Sir William Hutt. Sir George Sinclair Bart died 1868. Charles Enderby. Colonel Robert Torrens. Russell Ellice. MP George Frederick Young.

 

Arrow graphicReferences other: Nil.

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Canada Company

Below is a list of Canada Company names of interest: Richard Blanchard /Blanshard. MP William Williams, depity-chairman Canada Co. MP Robert Downe. William Hibbert Jnr. MP James Mackillop. MP Robert Biddulph. (See George Sugden Le Couteur, Colonial Investment Adventure, 1824-1855: a comparative study of the establishment and early investment experiences in New South Wales, Tasmania and Canada, of four British companies. Ph.D. thesis, Sydney University, 1978.)

West Australia Company

Below is a list of Western Australia Co. names of interest: James Stirling. Mangles. Edward Gibbon Wakefield (also SACo and a figure in New Zealand). Sir Francis Vincent. Edward Schenley. John Hutt. Colonel Peter Latour. Thomas Potter Macqueen. Robert Gouger. Jacob Montefiore.

Arrow graphicReferences other: (This page first uploaded to the Net on 2-8-2006)

John F. Atchison, Port Stephens and Goonoo Goonoo: A Review of the early period of the Australian Agricultural Company. Ph.D. Thesis, Australian National University, Canberra, 1973.

Maxine Lorraine Darnell, The Chinese Labour Trade to New South Wales. 1783-1853: An Exposition of Motives and Outcomes. Ph.D thesis, University of New England, Armidale, Australia, January 1997.

George Sugden Le Couteur, Colonial Investment Adventure, 1824-1855: a comparative study of the establishment and early investment experiences in New South Wales, Tasmania and Canada, of four British companies. Ph.D. thesis, Sydney University, 1978.

John William Mitchell, New South Wales, 1800-1900: a case study in the staple theory. Ph.D. thesis. University of Oregon, 1970. Ann Arbor, Michigan, University Microfilms.

Wilfrid Oldham, The Administration of the System of Transportation of British Convicts, 1763-1793. Ph.D. thesis. London University, 1933.

Pennie A. Pemberton, The London Connection: The Formation and Early Years of the Australian Agricultural Company. Ph.D. thesis. Canberra, Australian National University, 1991.

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This website was relaunched on the Net on 4 July 2006 at: www.merchantnetworks.com.au
E-mail the Webmaster: Dan Byrnes

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Red Sand divider