NB1: a file nearby this timeframe is on the Norman family of bankers, at: Norman family.
NB2: Footnote code for HTML5 and CSS3 vetted by Joel Byrnes (Brisbane)
This directory presents files on merchants working after 1800. Some of these files are on: London Bankers circa 1800, Plummer and Barham after 1804, Robert Brooks of the Australia Trade, India indigo business, shipowner W. S. Lindsay, the family Norman (bankers), and on Hodson's Lists of notable families of British-India.
By Dan Byrnes (June 2012)
Preamble: This file on Captain Michael Hogan, captain of the convict transport Marquis Cornwallis sent to Australia in the late 1790s, has been prepared for several reasons. One is e-mail from a Merchant Networks Project associate in Sydney, historian Gary Sturgess, who has been looking afresh at Hogan´s activities (and at much else)). Two is due to remarkable views about Hogan held by US writers long ago, stemming from Hogan´s arrival in New York about 1802-1804, views which fail to take into account his career before he arrived in the USA, where he died. Three is this website´s campaign against errors made by historians and/or writers of popular history. Four is to try not just to set the record straight, but to try to convince Australian readers particularly that the convict ships captains, who generally have a bad press, plus the merchant names they sailed for, are worth much more inspection and attention, than Australians have usually given to them.
Michael Hogan does not fit the popular-history picture of a convict ships captain at all, and he is possibly mistakenly regarded as another of the down-market captains operating in the convict service before 1800, because he used violence to suppress a convict mutiny. A broader picture of Hogan´s career entirely bursts the mould of usual Australian attitudes to convict transportation, which is one of sympathy for the convict underdog, and otherwise a determination to ignore the associated maritime history.
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Michael Hogan (1766-1833), died Washington DC, USA is generally taken to have been born at Stone Hall, County Clare, Ireland. One imagines he came from a family that admired education, as he seems to have been well-educated, and was independent-minded with it. He grew (in a view from Sturgess) to be an Irish charmer. He may have had some medical education, but he turned to navigation and to the sea, and became a captain with an entrepreneurial flair. There are at least three views of his marital (or domestic) career. The first mention of any mother of his children is a convict, an Irishwoman, Ann Ryan (no parents). By whom (an e-mailer tells this website) he had a daughter, named Mary Hogan, who married to John McQueen (no parents).
The liason with Ann Ryan seems to have been short-term. Researcher Gary Sturgess (of Sydney) thinks he later (in the late 1790s?) married a daughter of a merchant of India, probably a country trader, William Richardson, who had a son, William, who sailed with Hogan on some occasions. But Sturgess does not mention any children parented by Hogan and Ms Richardson. This is where the American view of Hogan from Michael H. Styles becomes entertaining.
Cf., The old merchants of New York City online, by Walter Barrett Clerk. Clerk like most other reporters says that Hogan landed in New York aged 38 with his Indian wife, had a dry goods store, one at 225 Broadway later the site of Astor House, which he had for two years. Hogan then went to 52 Greenwich Street, next door to merchant, Thomas Satterwaite who had married a daughter of Theophylact Bache. Later Hogan had a counting house at 82 Washington Street, and went into shipowning, general commission business, shipping, he imported from the West Indies, and imported Spanish and other brandies. After various business troubles, Hogan became US Consul at Valparaiso but rather failed there. Hogan once had a clerk Henry Cary, who became a merchant with Thomas G. and W. F. Cary and Co. Meantime, Hogan´s own entry in Australian Dictionary of Biography online re his convict ship voyage says that he went to New York with his family in 1802. The gap years 1802-1804 remain cloudy about Hogan´s decision to move to America.
Meantime, Australian readers should not become overly excited about Hogan captaining a single convict ship. He did much else. Admittedly, Hogan´s trip on Marquis Cornwallis occurred before 1800, which for Australian popular history is the single worst period for problems arising on convict shipping, the period 1788-1800. So that period has had a bad press, not undeserved. But from a maritime history point of view, narratives about convict shipping are only part of the early Australian maritime story overall. According to new research by Gary Sturgess in Sydney, Hogan (seen roughly chronologically) was associated with the following shipping. ...
(1) 1783, at age 16, Hogan is probably sailing on naval vessels. (Styles, p. 22.)
(2) 26 March 1786, Hogan is part of crew on East Indiaman Pigot Captain George Ballantyne for Canton, home by 29 June 1787. (Styles, p. 23.)
(3) By 1788, Hogan is on an India country trader, San Antonio from Canton to Bombay. (Styles, p. 23.)
(4) By May 1789, Hogan, who had an uncanny way of making useful new business connections very quickly, is associated in Bombay with merchant Robert Henshaw and a new 889-ton ship, called Bombay Anna, or, Anna. By 1789, Hogan is courting a young lady he will marry, Frances Richardson of Bombay. And he starts to sail about Indian ports with his father in law, Captain William Richardson of Bombay, on Triumph, Captain Alexander Tennant. Tennant, with whom he would later work in South Africa. Hogan entered the rice trade and chartered an American ship Myrtle to carry rice. Seemingly his first major commercial contact with Americans. (Styles, pp. 23-31) Hogan planned to start with his own new ship, but rice market problems due to drought slowed him down.
(5) Hogan´s new ship becomes Il Nettuno by 1792. One of four ships engaged in trading ventures, probably illicit trade from an East India Co. point of view. And Hogan soon, looking for business, happens to meet Robert Charnock of Ostend, who had connections with a major East India trader in London, David Scott Senior and Co. Scott in London had important political connections with Henry Melville, Lord Dundas, who valued Scott´s advice on affairs in India due to Scott´s earlier notable career in India till 1786 when he returned to England/London. Charnock and Hogan had dealings after November 1790.
|Thought to be a portrait of merchant David Scott Snr.|
It was said that offloading cargoes from India at Ostend was highly profitable, and Captain William Richardson may have introduced Hogan to Charnock. (Styles, pp. 34-37)
(6) On 30 January 1792, Hogan with his wife and father-in-law is on Netunno to Indian ports for Europe, with Hogan acting as supercargo for Charnock and Co. From Europe, Hogan went to London where his first child William was born. It seems likely Hogan resided in a house in Finsbury Square, London, since Charnock´s wife lived there. Hereby hangs a complicated tale. Charnock´s wife was Elizabeth Parish, a daughter of an extraordinary Scots merchant in Hamburg named John Parish. During the American Revolution, Parish had commercial dealings with none other than the ¨financier of the American Revolution¨, Robert Morris, out of which connection in the early 1790s, Parish enjoyed a position as US Consul in Hamburg. Parish regularly dealt with high-level finances names such as Barings in London, and Hopes and Co. of Amsterdam, and almost anything could have happened. (We do not yet know enough about Charnock´s relations if any with John Parish, but Parish became an agent for Hogan in Hamburg.) (Styles, pp. 37-49)
By January 1793, Hogan was preparing with Charnock to return to India with goods via South Africa by late April in Nettuno. Hogan´s goods sold well in India. So he canvassed India trading houses such as John Forbes and Co., Fairlie Reid and Co., and John Ferguson and Co. about cargo-handling. It was about this time that Hogan´s relations with David Scott and Co. in London firmed, partly as Scott was a promoter of diverse country trading between India and China and did not take a narrow, East India Co. point of view. Hogan had ideas of carrying silk cargoes to Europe, but by now Napoleon Bonaparte was on the rampage in Europe. Opportunities closed up. Which is how and why Hogan renamed Netunno as Marquis Cornwallis and found a contract to ship convicts to Sydney, Australia in her. Meantime, David Scott and Co, due to Britain´s war with France, were now thinking of privateering between South Africa and India to prey on French shipping, a matter which also came to Hogan´s attention. What is important to note here is that Hogan was not a normal convict ships captain, he had far wider horizons. In theory, he had financial and trading connections with some hugely influential trading names, Robert Charnock, John Parish (who had connections in Europe and to the new USA), and David Scott and Co., which was developing an impressive international network.
(6a) The Marquis Cornwallis is used for trading, not transporting convicts, from about 1795.
(7) Ship Harbinger by October 1797. Registered when Hogan had an address at Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London.
(8) Ship Joaquim of 1799 (Or, Joachim, a Portuguese ship) carrying slaves owned by Tennant and Trail.
(9) Ship Harriet sailing as a privateer in 1799 under Danish colours.
(10) Ship Collector Captain David Smart, operating from March 1799 as a privateer (as mentioned in the Australian Dictionary of Biography entry on Michael Hogan). During 1800, Hogan´s privateers took two Spanish ships off the coast of South America.
(11) In 1800, Hogan was associated with a ship Chapman coming into London.
(12) Ship Fanny of 1801, carrying rice from Coromandel Coast India to South Africa/Cape Colony. Plus ship Matilda of 1200 tons carrying rice, the same. Plus ship Boa Caetana to Brazil. (13) Ship The Chance 117 tons, Captain William White, for Hogan, came into Sydney Harbour (Port Jackson) on 13 April 1801, a prize from the French.
Hogan´s convict ship voyage on Marquis Cornwallis is given in Bateson, The Convict Ships (pp. 148ff), as starting on 9 August 1795, from Cork, with 163 men and 70 women prisoners, with an unruly guard who were part of the NSW Corps. Arriving Sydney 11 February, 1796. Seven mutinous convicts had ended shot dead. Hogan as owner or part-owner, and ships captain, was exonerated at Sydney of wrong-doing regarding his handling of the mutiny.
In less than ten years, Hogan would be in New York, and stay there. He acquired a small land grant in New South Wales, but evidently thought little of commercial prospects in NSW. What interested him now was the British occupation of South Africa and linkages between London, Europe, South Africa and India. And so it seems that whenever Hogan arrived in New York, any fortune he claimed he had would have come from general shipping profits from the Indian and Pacific oceans, especially the proceeds of the sale of any prize shipping/prize cargo, not because, as the Americans came to think, he had married a well-born Indian princess from Bombay. And any fortune he had was probably much less than US$2 million.
To backtrack, Hogan is said to be from a Catholic family. He was an entrepreneur, ships captain, merchant and convict contractor.
Hogan first met Alexander Tennant in 1790 (Styles p. 29). About then dealt with Gillett Lambert and Ross and Co shipbuilders. Forbes Sheppard and Co of Bombay invested in Hoganś ship, which was launched Nov 1790.
Hogan renamed his ship Netuno as Marquis Cornwallis and had a contract to ship convicts by March 1795 after failing to sell her to navy as a man of war. To be paid about 10,000 pounds (says Styles p. 53), then to carry cargo from China or India for the EICo. In Sydney Hogan bought some land near Windsor.
Went to Bengal for cargo for EICo leaving Sydney 15 May 1796 with Edward Macarthur son of John Macarthur of the NSW Corps. Hogan sailed via Norfolk Island and picked up Governor King´s son, Norfolk King. Hogan left Madras on 12 September 1796, and was back in England by 24 July 1797. He then decided to go to South Africa with the support of David Scott´s firm (which included William Lennox) with an eye to privateering. Hogan dealt also with James Duncan (also a minor convict contractor name) who took a contract re Marquis Cornwallis Captain Charles Munn to carry flour.
blantHogan in South Africa (for David Scott of London?) had a NSW agent John Macarthur (a trading officer of the NSW Corps at Sydney). Hogan once used a ship Young William carrying spirits in October 1799 for trade to NSW. Marquis Cornwallis mostly traded under the control of the William Richardson.
Hogan´s entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography online does briefly mention his move to New York, but stops at that point. What happens in between the older Australian view of Hogan, and the even older American (or New York) view, is not a little peculiar. In the American view, Hogan arrived by 1804 in New York with a wife who was a genuine princess of India, from Bombay. One immediately imagines, if she was a genuine, full-blood Indian woman from a high-born family of Bombay, with a multiculturally-minded husband who spoke several languages, that she would have worn a sari, but no sari is mentioned by the Americans. But first, news of an e-mail years ago to this website about a new book on Hogan ...
Email of 14 January 2004
Dear Dan Byrnes, I was a frequent user of your Blackheath Connection when researching a non-fiction book now published as Captain Hogan: Sailor, Merchant, Diplomat on Six Continents.
It tells the true story of Michael Hogan (1766-1833) who travelled the world's oceans and lived in and traded with all six continents. Among other things, it tells the full story of his carriage of Irish convicts to New South Wales on his ship, the Marquis Cornwallis, in 1796. Full details are at:
Kind regards, Michael Hogan Styles, 7004 Sylvan Glen Lane, Fairfax Station, VA 22039 USA.
Follows some detail on the book: Captain Hogan: Sailor, Merchant, Diplomat on Six Continents, by Michael H. Styles - The true story of Michael Hogan, an adventurous "seaman, merchant and diplomat" who traveled the world's oceans and lived on six continents during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Set in the rich historical context of the times, the action takes place in Ireland, London, Bombay, Calcutta, Canton, New South Wales, Cape of Good Hope, New York, Havana, Valparaiso and Washington, D.C.
Critically acclaimed - ISBN 0-9744347-0-1 • 434 pages • Bibliography/Index Biography/18th & 19th Century History • Paper • US$22.95
Also by Michael H. Styles - Michael Hogan: A Family Addendum: A companion booklet with additional background about the book, Capt. Michael Hogan's children and grandchildren through about 1900, and a genealogical record of all his descendants. Of principal interest to Hogan family descendants. ISBN 0-9744347-2-8 • 71 pages • Second Edition • Paper • US$6.00 JUST PUBLISHED! (January 2004). Email to Six Continent Horizons, at: SixContinents@att.net
We also found a genforum item online, taken from Irish-American Historical Miscellany: Relating Largely to New York City and Vicinity [a book online via Google] by John Daniel Crimmins, p. 108. "An especially prominent Irish merchant in New York after the Revolution, was Michael Hogan. He was a native of the County Clare, Ireland, and was born in 1766. He became a sea captain, sailed to all quarters of the globe, and married an East India lady of great wealth. He came to New York in 1804, bringing his wife with him ... He embarked in the dry goods trade at 225 Broadway, on the present site of the Astor House. He was later engaged in a general commission and shipping business. He became owner of the whole tract of land from 121st to 127th street, and west of Bloomingdale Road. The southern part of his property he styled Monte Alta, and the northern portion Claremont, the latter name being probably intended to commemorate his native county - Clare - in Ireland. Grant's mausoleum now stands on a portion of the property ... He [Hogan] ]had one son and three daughters, the son becoming a member of the US Congress. Michael, the father, was once appointed United States Consul to Valparaiso. He died at Washington, D.C., in 1833. A tablet to his memory may be seen in Grace Church, Broadway, New York. A grand-daughter wedded Effingham N. Lawrence." (All from a genforum item posted by Sharon Carberry)
Also per Genforum posts by Sharon Carberry-- This Michael Hogan, from Bombay, was an Irish ships captain, sailed all over the globe, spoke several languages, in 1804 brought to New York 400,000 English sovereigns, or about two million dollars, the dowry of Mrs Hogan who as a princess of India whom he married in Bombay. In New York he established a store and did import-export shipping business. Hogan gave the grandest dinners known in New York but was troubled in (or after?) 1812 when some of his ships were captured by the British.
From: "Sharon Carberry"
So does it actually appear that Hogan´s life is well-embedded in American life, at least as far as genealogical treatments are concerned? From the Internet (by June 2012), we gather from genealogy websites that presumably by his Indian-princess wife, Hogan had four children, one son, William, and three daughters, Frances, Harriet and Sophia, who all seem not to have married. (We have since acquired the books by Michael Styles noted above.)
The son, William (born St Pauls, Covent Garden, London, 17 July 1792 (as all reports from diverse writers seem to agree), died 1875 in Washington DC) married a daughter of New York merchant John Clendening (sic and so far untracable) and an unnamed wife. William´s wife Clendening had Margaret (married Effingham N. Lawrence, still untraced); Michael (married Frances Stout); and Frances (married Edmund Pendleton Gaines (1820-1904) of Hogansburg. This Mr. Gaines was son of Lawyer and General Edmund Pendleton Gaines (1777-1849) and Barbara Blount, daughter of a planter and land speculator William Blount (1749-1800), the first man ever to be expelled from the US Senate, who had a land-development role in establishing Tennessee. (See Blount´s own wikipedia page.) Blount had signed the US Constitution for North Carolina.
The mention of Hogansburg as above seems also to be revealing. Hogansburg today is a hamlet of the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, Franklin Country, in the town of Bombay in the state of New York.
We need at this point to step aside to discuss land speculations in ¨the new nation¨, the USA, from the close of the American War of Independence. Proceeding alphabetically, we find one land speculator was Ethan Allen, of the Green Mountain Boys, brother of General Ira Allen ¨the founder of Vermont¨. Loyalist and Canadian fur trader John Askin (Michigan area). Jabez Bacon of Connecticut (died 1806), said to be a ¨first US millionaire¨. Pennsylvania ironmaster and revolutionary war contractor for the Americans, Mark Bird (died 1812), who helped float the Scioto Land Co. One time US senator William Blount (died 1800) of North Carolina and Tennessee. Frontiersman Jim Bowie of The Alamo, died 1836. William Kerin Constable (died 1803) one of the Macomb Syndicate of up to four million acres. US Senator John Dayton (died 1824) for whom Dayton Ohio is named, had part of 250,000 acres of the Miami River Basin. Pennsylvania operator Henry Drinker (died 1809). War contractor William Duer (died 1779), part of the Scioto land deals, known as ¨a feeder at the public trough¨. William Edgar (died ??) of the Macomb Syndicate. Nathaniel Gorham (died 1796) who failed with massive land deals undertaken with Oliver Phelps. US-China merchant (died 1859) George Griswold. Canada land speculator Adams Hoops (died 1771 in Philadelphia) re lands of New Brunswick/Nova Scotia. Philadelphia merchant Samuel Inglis (died 1783) a friend of George Washington. Alexander Macomb Snr (died 1831) of the Macomb Syndicate. Fourth US President James Madison died 1836. ¨Financier of the American Revolution¨, Robert Morris (died 1806) was involved with one land speculation group known as The Amsterdam Society. Oliver Phelps (died 1809). Daniel McCormick of The Macomb Syndicate (a bachelor, died ??). Henry McCulloch, a land speculator. Nathaniel Rochester (died 1831), who had a son who co-founded Rochester New York. US merchant and patriot, James Swan (died 1830) was involved with islands off Maine. Indian trader William Trent (died 1787) who co-founded Pittsburgh. James Wadsworth (died 1844) a founder of Geneseo, New York. Brig-General Samuel Waldo (died 1759) of The Waldo Patent (36 square miles of Maine). Samuel Wharton (died 1800), was a partner with many other notable land speculator names. A Signer of the US Constitution for Pennsylvania, Signer of Declaration of Independence, a lawyer and a specialist in land law, James Wilson (died 1798) had married a sister of Mark Bird noted above.
The lists of notable American land speculators is very long, and above is only the tip of the iceberg. We are concerned here only with the Macomb Syndicate, who were Alexander Macomb Snr (tracable) fur trader of Detroit and then New York land dealer, Daniel McCormick Of Wall Street, New York (tracable), William Kerin Constable (tracable) of New York and William Edgar (hard to trace, and family history websites from the USA give two options for this particular William Edgar, who might have had two-four wives, it is hard to say).
Meanwhile, from the close of the American Revolution in 1783, it is wise to realise that American politicians had to capture-and-keep the formerly British sovereignty of America. Taking sovereignty was not done in any single step, it entailed a lurching series of manouvers which involved arguments about where any borders would be with British-held Canada. Detroit was a conspicuous problem since it remained part of an expanded Canadian province of Quebec, and American arguments ensued with various Loyalist groups; matters were resolved in 1796 when the USA acquired Detroit. But before 1796, various large-scale and controversial land deals had arisen due to the Federal US government, or various state governments, modifying state boundaries and/or releasing land to the private sector, partly to see the land at least semi-occupied as Americans moved west, partly to raise government revenue. The stories arising about land deals are many, varied, complicated, and riddled with allegations about sharp business practice, and indeed, at times, quite stupid or pointless practice. There is a sense that after having ejected the British, governments in the new USA by releasing land onto the private market were filling in gaps, colouring in areas that had been left void,
Alexander Macomb Snr (1748-1831) was born in Belfast, the son of John Gordon Macomb and Jane Gordon. Jane had three children, Ann, Alexander and William, of Detriot, who remained a Loyalist during the Revolution. Ann married Lt. Francis von Pfister. Alexander Snr married firstly to Catherine Navarre (1757-1789 born in Detriot and died in New York) and secondly to Janet Marshall. Catherine was daughter of a royal notary of the French colony of Detriot, Robert Navarre (1709-1791) and Marie Lotham de Barrois, and had about thirteen children.
An earlier partnership between Alexander Macomb and William Edgar dissolved from 1783. There was an ordinance of 1785, from govt re land dealing. Macomb´s first big land deal was in 1786, for NY land being 800,000 acres in the Adirondack Mountains, a never-patented royal grant, and Macomb bid for 173,000 acres. Macomb also had secretive Ohio deals with William Duer. In autumn 1787, Continental Congress released the first seven ranges of Northwest Territory land west of Ohio River, and Macomb and Edgar bought 89,000 acres of it, half of land which sold. Duer took only 4000 acres of that. At this time Macomb also as main organizer of a syndicate (the Macomb syndicate) took 640,000 acres of new York wilderness on south bank of St Lawrence River, with Wm Constable, and ten townships each of 64,000 acres were provided for, and Macomb got eight of them. The Macomb Syndicate were Alexander Macomb Snr (1748-1831), William Constable, William Edgar (1739-1820) (China trade in which Macomb also invested) and Daniel McCormick. Others involved were Samuel Ogden a Newark ironmaster who was a brother-in-law of Gouveneur Morris, John Lamb (anti-Federalist), John taylor of Albany (anti-Federalist), Jeremiah van Rensselaer (anti--Federalist), and William Laight (neutralist, NY hardware merchant), plus Alexander Hamilton and General Phillip Schuyler and 42,000 acres of one deal were intended for persons of Canada including Loyalist Stephen DeLancy. All up, Macomb finally claimed 3,670,715 acres, or 12 per cent of New York. William Duer went on to invest in land of Maine. All prior to the Panic of 1792 and Macomb and Duer were bankrupted, partly due to having tried to control the Bank of New York. Macomb thrown in a debtors prison, about $300, 000 in debt. The article here in Watertown Daily Times of 9, 16, 23 September, 1990, by David B. Dill Jnr, Portrait of an Opportunist: The life of Alexander Macomb, says that in 1790s, Duer, Robert Morris and Wm Constable all failed in 1790s, Macomb and Duer by trying to corner a securities market, Morris because of excess self-confidence to try to corner the French tobacco market. There was once a US Bond Scandal, when it was discovered he was still a British Citizen. In New York was successful land speculator and shipping magnate. Cousin of John Askin qv but links gapskey unclear and may have been a big investor in the North West Company. "Macomb's Great Purchase of 1791", bought nearly four million (or 4.5 million? of state and federal lands which put Macomb up with Wm Duer and Robert Morris) acres from New York after the Am Rev, much along the St Lawrence River and Eastern Lake Ontario. . Had earlier speculated in land in North Carolina, Kentucky and Georgia, later bought four million acres of New York, after Am Rev, a Loyalist sympathizer, but could not sell fast enough to avoid losses, He found his collapse quite shattering, was undid by the Panic of 1792 and taken to a debtor´s prison owing more than $300,000. His family is Irish-born. Is friends with Gouverneur Morris. Partner with his brother William and later came in William Edgar (Irish and Wm Constable and Daniel McCormick also Irish). Edgar when he left took 48,000 pounds with him. He had 1774 dealings with Phyn and Ellice, maybe leading to activity across Lake Erie. He deals with provisioner Lt-Gov Henry Hamilton (later captured) of Canada, supplying him. Macomb is blamed for supplying scalping knives to Indians, eg about 8582 of them in just one shipment. Fur trader Detroit Fur trader, Detroit, linked with Phyn and Ellice by 1773 or so. Firm Alexr and Wm Macomb of Detroit. A link re Macomb Syndicate of 1791 which included The Old Military Tract which was due to legislation of 1786 to give 500 acrs of land to Vets of Am Rev army. He failed in 1792 for one million dollars, jailed, but recovered. He bankrupted due to War of 1812. Cf, online article, for Watertown Daily Times, 9, 16, 23 September 1990, Portrait of an Opportunist, The Life of Alexander Macomb, by David B. Dill Jnr. Cf, Isabella Swan, The Deep Roots. nd. Cf., John Steele Gordon, "The Great Crash (of 1792)", American Heritage, May-June 1999. See also re links to Macomb, William Duer and the Crash of 1792 by Brian Trumbore at http://mlloyd.org/gen/macomb/text/amsr/8699.html - His own wikipedia page. US merchant and land speculator. re lane son fraser. Items on him such as Portrait of an Opportunist. Genforum says he craeted Wall St with 20 other New York bankers, and the first ever stock and bond market. Cf., online, material based on George H. Richards, A Memoir of Alexander Macomb, the Major Commanding the Army of the United States. New York, 1833 and Henry A. McComb, The Macomb Family Record. Camden, New Jersey, 1917.
More to come ...
Daniel McCormick of New York knew Michael Hogan, who also knew William Constable, Richard Harison (sic), and William Bell.
More to come here.
The name William Richardson (Hogan´s father-in-law)) is not easy to find. The name William Richardson is common, and it probably matters if our William was from Ireland, England or Scotland. We might guess, from Ireland, if his daughter married an Irishman. But this guess hardly narrows anything down well.
Our William Richardson was, Sturgess suggests, a country trader about India who had business dealings with his son-in-law. About 1837, we find mention of yet another William Richardson, a member of the Bombay Civil Service by 1836. This William was a friend of one William Cornwallis Harris, who is supposedly a pioneer of big-game hunting in Africa using rifle weaponry. By 1836 Harris had read the botanical writings of William Burchell on southern Africa, and decided to visit South Africa and then Rhodesia in 1836-1837. This trip by Harris allegedly helped popularise big-game hunting by affluent white men in Africa. The Harris story seems true but we have no idea if this makes it worth going on in pursuit of Englishmen named William Richardson who spent time in India. .
Hogan spent time at South Africa and became a partner of Tennant and Trail in a slave deal. He was also a contractor with the new (British) South Africa government. (This firm were Alexander Tennant and Captain Donald Trail [died 1814]).
References other: Australian Dictionary of Biography online, entries various, and also from India Dictionary of Biography. Genforum posts by Sharon Carberry, various. Walter Barrett Clerk, The Old Merchants of New York City, Second Series. 1863 Michael Flynn, Second Fleet. From a General Armory online on the name Richardson. Online items various on Africa explorer William Cornwallis Harris. E-mail from Annnette Hurdis. E-mail various of June 2012 from Gary Sturgess (Sydney). E-mail from writer Michael Hogan Styles of USA. George McCall Theal, Records of the Cape Colony. Vol. 2. December 1796 to December 1799. London, William Clowes and Son, 1898. Wikipedia pages various on sundry topics (go Google).
^ See the entry for Michael Hogan in the Australian Dictionary of Biography online. Also, Michael Flynn, Second Fleet, p. 577.
From: Annette Hurdis
^ We have here often consulted, per advice from Ken Cozens (London), Walter Barrett Clerk, The Old Merchants of New York City, Second Series. 1863. Clerk had a chatty, non-academic style of writing, his memory was patchy, and his material is mostly anecdotal. Which is precisely why he is revealing on the American views on Hogan.
^ Michael H. Styles, Captain Hogan: Sailor, Merchant, Diplomat on Six Continents. Sylvan, Glen Lane, Fairfax Station, Virginia, Six Continent Horizons, 2003.
^ See B. R. Tomlinson (of School Oriental and African Studies, University of London, research Prof of Economic History), ´The Empire of Enterprise: Scottish business networks in Asian Trade, 1765-1832´. Which discusss one network for David Scott and William Fairlie as a network working by c.1800. Being New York (Gouvernour and Kemble). Copenhagen (Duntzfelt and Co.) London (David Scott Jnr. and Co., and David Scott and a separate firm William Lennie), Bombay, (Alexander Adamson and Namchund Amichund, Adamson being an old connection in India of David Scott Snr.). Calcutta, (Fairlie Gilmore and Co. and also William Fairlie). Penang (Robert Scott). Malacca, Batavia, Manila (Locatelle and Camper). Canton (Reid, Beale and Co.), John Reid, Alexander Shank, Januario A. de Almeida, Vicente R. de Barron). Scott had developed a huge network, needing a lot of space to discuss it, and discussion would need to include some Scott family members as to genealogy.
^ We are grateful here to new work on this maritime history from Gary Sturgess (Sydney). Here, Sturgess has used various information, not found in Styles´s book on Michael Hogan, adapted from George McCall Theal, Records of the Cape Colony. Vol. 2. December 1796 to December 1799. London, William Clowes and Son, 1898.
^ See the wikipedia page on Hogansburg, New York.
^ On William Edgar. There are two candidates for this name. One was born about 1759 at Jamaica, Queens, New York (parents not-named), and married firstly to Isabella White and secondly to Ann van Horn. A more likely candidate was a fur trader, William Edgar (1739-1820), once of Detroit, who married Isabella Barteau and is subject of an entry in Canadian Dictionary of Biography online. Isabella apparently had children Sarah who married Gardiner Greene Howland and Louisa who married Herman LeRoy.
^ For example, in a General Armory found online, we found several Williams Richardson with links to the East India Co., one of them an accountant-General for the EICo, but all such Williams seem to have had offical links to the Co., whereas our William if he was a country trader was more ¨unofficial¨.
^ This is from a sketchy website and clues may or may not not be pursued for this article.
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